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Open Source Software

Whether we are considering the security of computing infrastructure, the application layer, or system management, open source software makes outstanding sense.

A properly constructed computing infrastructure is verifiably secure. That is to say, both its methods of construction and the elements used in its construction must be open to inspection throughout its life cycle. Conversely, any infrastructure component or management tool which is not verifiably secure puts the entire computing environment at risk. Only open source software permits complete verification at all times. As security people are fond of saying, security is not a product but a process. Open source enables the most critical element of that process.

There are numerous other benefits for which open source software is widely respected. From a business perspective, chief among these is surely the protection of business processes, and with it the guarantee of continued integrity, confidentiality, and accessibility to corporate data. Others accrue from the freedoms conferred by open source. Examples are freedom from licensing constraint, freedom of access to competing goods and services, and freedom to innovate and to benefit from the innovation of others. Resource benefits are also typically seen in such areas as capital expense, license administration, liaibility, and operations.

Organizations in both the public and private sectors are becoming increasingly sensitive to the benefits of the open source model, as can be seen by the partial list which appears below.

Argentina 2002-03-27
The Executive, Legislative and Judicial Powers, decentralized organizations and companies where the National State is a major stockholder, will use only free programs (software) for their systems and IT equipment.
Australia 2005-10-10
A protracted NSW government project to give its agencies cheaper and quicker access to Linux and open source software is reaching fruition with several vendors preparing to sign contracts as pre-approved suppliers.

The NSW Office of State Revenue (OSR) is taking a tough stance against Microsoft's decision to make an enterprise edition of Windows Vista only available to companies that have signed on to its Software Assurance program. [...] [T]he agency had already successfully bedded down open source on its back-end, running its Oracle 9i and 10g core databases and assorted other transactional applications over Citrix on Dell-based clusters and had guarantees of open source support from key enterprise applications vendors.

The NSW government said it had established Australia's the first whole-of-government panel to supply open source software and services to its departments and agencies.

The state government of New South Wales, in Australia, will migrate 1,500 of its users in the Roads and Traffic Authority from Microsoft Outlook to Sun's StarOffice productivity suite and Messaging products.

The Australian Capital Territory is set to become the first jurisdiction in the country to adopt a bill which says that public bodies should, as far as practicable, consider the use of open source software when procuring computer software.

While critics in the United States grow more concerned each day about the insecurity of electronic voting machines, Australians designed a system two years ago that addressed and eased most of those concerns: They chose to make the software running their system completely open to public scrutiny. Called eVACS, or Electronic Voting and Counting System, the system was created by a company called Software Improvements to run on Linux, an open-source operating system available on the Internet. [The Australian Capital Territory Electoral Commission] posted drafts as well as the finished software code on the Internet for the public to review. The system cost $125,000 to develop and implement.

The Australian Government is a "leader" in guiding public sector Linux implementations, the head of IBM's global public sector Linux program says. Ms Fisher said the federal Government's endorsement of the open source operating system as an option for government agencies and its approach to sharing information on Linux, and tomorrow's forum were examples of its strategic approach to government IT infrastructure.
Austria: City of Vienna 2005-01-25
The Austrian capital city of Vienna's local government is due to start migrating its desktop PCs to open source software in the second quarter of this year.
Brazil 2005-03-29
Since taking office two years ago, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has turned Brazil into a tropical outpost of the free-software movement. Looking to save millions of dollars in royalties and licensing fees, da Silva has instructed government ministries and state-run companies to gradually switch from costly operating systems made by Microsoft and others to free operating systems, like Linux. On da Silva's watch, Brazil has also become the first country to require any company or research institute that receives government financing to develop software to license it as open source, meaning the underlying software code must be free to all.

The government of Brazil says it will switch 300,000 government computers from Microsoft's Windows operating system to open source software like Linux. Microsoft founder Bill Gates wants to meet with Brazil's president to discuss the change. Brazil is dropping all proprietary software.

Brazil is one of the countries whose government has come out firmly in favor of free software. The initiative includes plans to export around 2 billion USD worth of software per year; to replace Microsoft Windows with Linux in 300,000 federal government computers; to transfer 1 billion USD in resources from the Telecommunications Fund (Fust) to the free software-based Digital Communications System (SCD); and to integrate the country's 200,000 public schools via open-source technology.

IBM is teaming up with the government of Brazil to develop the country's expertise in open-source software such as Linux, the technology giant announced Friday.

Following moves by the U.K. and Russia, the government of Brazil announced Friday that it has signed a letter of intent with IBM pledging to develop initiatives that will promote the use of Linux in the Latin American country.

El gobierno brasileño planea sustituir el Windows por el gratuito Linux como su sistema operativo en el 80 por ciento de los computadores de ministerios, organismos públicos y empresas estatales, informó hoy el diario "Valor".
Canada 2003-05-13
The Government of Canada has embarked on a preliminary exploration of the benefits of open source solutions by commissioning a study of "Open Source Business Opportunities for Canada's ICT Sector". Among the issues their study will explore are the implications for the Government of Canada as a user, developer and buyer of software. The study is scheduled for completion in the summer of 2003.
Canada: Environment Canada 2003-10-17
A few years ago, Environment Canada needed to upgrade its aging fleet of three to four hundred HP-UX workstations used for weather prediction, forecasting, and analysis. [...] The [New Linux systems] worked faster than the old Unix systems and allowed Environment Canada to replace its old proprietary hardware and software at a savings of $14,000 plus licensing fees per seat, or over $4 million across the whole department.
Canada: Province of Ontario 2004-06-08
Sun Microsystems has recruited one of its biggest customers yet for its StarOffice software, signing a contract with the Ontario Ministry of Education covering 2.5 million students.
Canada: County of Essex, Ontario 2004-02-10
The county chose a new system using Red Hat Linux, IBM DB2, and a financial package called ACCPAC Insight. [...] "Because of the person-hours saved over the first three-and-a-half months, we figured that the system paid for itself during that time," said Joe Santoro, president of Synergy Plus Solutions of Windsor, Ontario, an ACCPAC solution provider that assisted the County of Essex with the deployment. "That's not a bad ROI."
Canada: City of Calgary 2004-04-08
For a case study on why Microsoft Corp. and Sun Microsystems sued one another for peace last week, look no further than the City of Calgary. Over the past year, this customer moved from proprietary Unix, running on aging proprietary hardware from Sun and Hewlett-Packard, to Linux on Intel-based servers.
Canada: City of Vancouver 2009-05-22
Vancouver city council has endorsed the principles of making its data open and accessible to everyone where possible, adopting open standards for that data and considering open source software when replacing existing applications.
China 2003-11-17
The China Standard Software Co., a consortium of government-funded companies, selected Sun as its preferred technology partner to deploy Linux-based desktops. The deal is part of China's deliberate policy to diversify away from Microsoft. Other governments in Europe and Asia have embraced a similar strategy, as has the state of Massachusetts. China has pledged to deploy 200 million copies of open standards-based desktop software.

In Asia-Pacific, governments in China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and Australia are encouraging government departments and businesses to replace Microsoft products with a combination of Linux, other open-source products, and software from local vendors.
Cuba 2007-02-16
Cuba's communist government is trying to shake off the yoke of at least one capitalist empire - Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) - by joining with socialist Venezuela in converting its computers to open-source software.
Denmark 2003-10-23
Open source software represents a serious alternative to proprietary products, and should be used as a tool to open up software markets to more competition, according to a report carried out under the auspices of the Danish government. "A strategy for e-government should not be based on a closed, proprietary standard in a key technology," the report said.

Switching from proprietary software to open source software in Danish public administration has an economic scope of several billion DKK every year.
European Union 2008-02-14
An ambitious initiative that aims to bring open source software to a new level in Europe hopes to make competition with US companies more interesting. QualiPSo is a four-year project partly funded by the EU.

The European Union wants to "join up" IT systems between national governments using open source technology, according to a "working paper" issued at the beginning of July 2003.

By end 2003, the Commission will issue an agreed interoperability framework to support the delivery of pan-European e-government services to citizens and enterprises. It will address information content and recommend technical policies and specifications for joining up public administration information systems across the EU. It will be based on open standards and encourage the use of open source software.
France 2010-03-23
French Parliament opted in November 2006 to dump Windows in favor of Ubuntu Linux, according to ZD Net. The move was part of a comprehensive shake-up in the software run on Parliament computers, resulting ultimately in "1,154 French parliamentary workstations running on Linux, with productivity software, the Firefox Web browser and an open-source e-mail client."

Deputies elected to the French National Assembly in the next legislative session will find open-source software on their desktop PCs. [...] The software on the deputies' computers will include the Linux operating system, the OpenOffice productivity suite, the Firefox web browser and an open-source email application.

All French government publications should be made available in OpenDocument Format (ODF), according to a report commissioned by the French prime minister.

Civil service minister Renaud Dutreil told Reuters France wanted to use "open-source" software providers to resupply part of the almost one million state computers under a government cost-cutting drive designed to trim a bulging public deficit. [...] "The competition is open," he said. "My estimate is that we can cut the state software bill at least in half."

The Agency for Information and Communication Technologies in the Administration (known by its French initials ATICA) has taken on the task of ensuring that government projects use open standards to reduce costs and redundancy, and to improve interoperability in government projects.
France: Regoin of Auvergne 2005-08-11 Thousands of secondary schools students in the French region of Auvergne will receive CDs containing free and open-source software when they return to school in September.
France: City of Paris 2004-02-12
Systems integrator Unilog is set to carry out a feasibility study on the installation of open-source software systems for the city of Paris, the company has said.
Germany 2004-02-10
The German Federal Finance Office [...] announced Tuesday that it has installed two of the largest Linux-based mainframes in Europe after an 18-month testing period.

Nine German cities in the state of Rheinland Pfalz are in advanced talks to replace many, if not all, of their Microsoft Corp. software products with open-source alternatives, particularly the Linux operating system.

Federal agencies, state and local governments, and other public-sector administrations in Germany interested in migrating their computer systems to open source software, particularly the Linux operating system, can now turn to a set of guidelines for support.

Die bayerischen Vermessungsverwaltung hat ihre insgesamt 79 Vermessungsämter auf Linux umgestellt.

The German government on Monday said it is moving to standardize on Linux and an open-source IT model at the federal, state and communal levels.
Germany: City of Mannheim 2005-12-06
In Mannheim, a preference for "open" standards--not cost--is driving the German city's shift to Linux. The technology decision makers have already moved the majority of Mannheim's 120 servers to the open-source operating system. Next, they plan to shift its 3,500 desktops to the open-source productivity application, running on Linux. [...] The switch to Linux was predominantly driven by the department's wish to use OpenLDAP, an open-source software package, rather than Microsoft's proprietary Active Directory, he added.
Germany: City of Munich 2006-10-26
Full steam ahead for Linux in Munich. The capital of Bavaria plans to complete its current migration of more than 80 percent of its desktop systems [to Linux] by 2008 and says that the first users of open software in the city's administration are pleased with the initial results.

And the German city Munich on Wednesday also voted resoundingly in favor of its plan to switch to Linux from Microsoft Windows following a closed-door city council meeting.

The vote wasn't just another win for Linux, as it continues to gobble chunks of the computer server software market -- a market Microsoft does not dominate. Munich is about to become the largest tech user to deploy Linux for everyday use on desktop PCs, the wellspring of Microsoft's profits. "Microsoft's philosophy is to change our software every five years," [Munich council member Christine] Strobl says. "With open source, it is possible for us to make our own decision as to when to change our software."

Die SPD-Fraktion im Münchener Rathaus hat sich in ihrer heutigen Sitzungfür den Einsatz von Linux auf den PCs der Stadtverwaltung ausgesprochen. Damit sei die Vorentscheidung gefallen, teilt Pressesprecher Jürgen Bühl mit: Die Münchner Stadtverwaltung migriert von Windows NT auf Linux als Client-Betriebssystem und ein Office-Paket aus dem Open-Source-Bereich.
India 2006-08-26
After the cola ban, it is now the turn of Microsoft to log out of Kerala. Children in 12,500 high schools in the state, India's most literate, will not be taught Windows. Instead, instructors are lining up Linux for them. [...] Linux PC dealers are upbeat. Offers of pre-loaded Linux operating system could fetch good hardware sales margins, says PK Harikrishnan, president, Kerala Computer Manufacturers and Dealers Association.

Open source groups are helping the Indian government meet its target of creating open source CDs in all official Indian languages by February 2006. The open source applications included on the CDs, such as the Firefox browser and the productivity suite, have already been translated into five Indian languages -- Tamil, Hindi, Telugu, Punjabi and Urdu. But there are still 17 languages left to be translated in just three months.

The Indian government is trying to encourage the use of computers across the country by distributing free CDs that contain localized versions of popular open-source applications.

In another public-sector boost to open-source software, Indian President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam called for his country's military to use such nonproprietary technology to ward off cybersecurity threats.

President A P J Abdul Kalam on Wednesday urged Indian IT professionals to develop and specialise in open source code software rather than use proprietary solutions based on systems such as Microsoft Windows. This is important for security reasons and also because of the costs involved in purchasing proprietary software. Open source code operating systems such as Linux do not carry any licensing fees and offers higher operational security.
Israel 2003-12-17
Y-net reported that the Israeli Treasury has decided to walk away from the Government's contract with Microsoft. Signed two years ago, the contract expires this month, and the ministry is testing localized builds of Mandrake Linux.

The Israeli Ministry of Commerce - essentially the treasury - has suspended all contracts with Microsoft. First out of the door is the Israeli employment agency, which will replace 550 out of 700 users with OpenOffice. [...] Microsoft reacted scornfully to the decision, the Hebrew-only Daily Mail reports, accusing the Israelis of being tight-fisted.
Japan 2007-05-09
The Japanese government wants to go open source, as a way to rely less on a single vendor IT software infrastructure. [...] The government has said explicitly it wants to decrease its reliance on Microsoft as a server operating system platform.

Japan is drawing up guidelines for its ministries recommending open source software such as Linux as an "important option" in government procurement, an official at the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications said.

Following a year-long evaluation program by Japan's Information/Technology Promotion Agency (IPA), Sun's Java Desktop was selected by the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) as part of the agency's initiative to promote the use of open-source desktops in schools throughout the country.

Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has endorsed Sun's Java Desktop System as an approved product for future bids. [...] JDS is a suite of open-source office desktop programs that includes the Linux operating system and the company's open-source StarOffice suite.

Japan, China and South Korea signed an agreement Saturday to jointly develop a new operating system based on Linux as an alternative to Microsoft Corp.'s Windows.

A pair of Chinese and Japanese software companies announced a joint venture Wednesday aimed at developing a Linux-based platform for Asian markets that they hope will challenge Microsoft Corp.'s dominance.

Computer giant Fujitsu Ltd said on Wednesday it, IBM Japan Ltd and Oki Electric Industry Co have won a 188 millioni yen ($1.59 million) contract to design a Japanese government payroll computer system using Linux.


Japan plans to spend about 1 billion yen (US$8.3 million) funding Asian software developers working on the open-source Linux operating system for consumer electronics goods, an official said Wednesday.
Malaysia 2005-08-18
The Government of Malaysia has decided to encourage the use of Open Source Software(OSS) in the Malaysian Public Sector. [...] In situations where advantages and disadvantages of OSS and proprietary software are equal, preference shall be given to OSS.

All Government technology procurement will now have a preference for open source software (OSS), under the Malaysian Public Sector Open Source Software Masterplan made available to the public this morning.

"Open-source software gives the chance for Malaysia and other developing nations to boost their economies. Therefore, it is only natural that the government should now be examining the strategic role that we can play to encourage the adoption of open source by the entire Malaysian infocommunications industry," Amar Leo Moggie, minister of Energy, Communications and Multimedia, said in a report by official news agency Bernama.
Netherlands: City of Amsterdam 2003-10-14
The City of Amsterdam announced on 13/10/2003 that it would this month start testing open source software for server and desktop applications.
New Zealand 2010-01-25
A New Zealand high school running entirely on open source software has slashed its server requirements by a factor of almost 50, despite a government deal mandating the use of Microsoft software in all schools.

A deal has been struck to allow agencies throughout government access to open-source software and support from Novell at preferential rates.
Norway 2005-06-28
The Norwegian minister for modernisation says the government will no longer accept the use of proprietary formats.
Norway: City of Bergen 2004-06-16
Bergen, Norway, has opted to replace Windows and Unix machines with Linux on servers for its schools and city databases and could later put the open-source operating system on desktop machines. The city chose Linux because it costs less, improves reliability and doesn't lock the government into purchasing one company's products, city Chief Technology Officer Ole-Bjorn Tuftedal said in an interview.

The Norwegian city Bergen on Tuesday said it plans to move 100 schools and 32,000 users away from its proprietary Unix and Microsoft Windows applications platform to Linux by the end of this year.
Pakistan 2002-08-29
The Government of Pakistan is committing itself to the reduction of Piracy and the protection of Intellectual Property. In this one element is the development of open source technologies and LINUX is going to be the corner stone of this initiative.
Perú 2001-12-14
Precisamente, la alternativa inteligente y viable a los programas informáticos o "software" comercial viene a ser el denominado "software libre" denominado así porque se basa en el libre empleo de los programas de computación.
Philippines 2008-01-29
23,000 Linux PCs forge education revolution in Philippines.

Bayanihan Linux is an Open Source-based desktop solution developed to provide state universities, local government units, and small to medium scale business enterprises an alternative to commercially developed desktop software.
Russia 2008-10-23
After running some successful pilots, the Russian government has decided to make open source the standard for all schools. If a school doesn't want to use the free software supplied by the government, it has to buy commercial licenses using its own funds.

IBM and the Russian Ministry of Communications and Computerization have agreed to put together a Linux Competency Center in Moscow to help push greater use of the open-source operating system in Russia.
Singapore 2003-05-14
In Asia-Pacific, governments in China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and Australia are encouraging government departments and businesses to replace Microsoft products with a combination of Linux, other open-source products, and software from local vendors.
South Africa 2003-12-01
South Africa is working toward transforming itself into a software exporter by developing an open source software (OSS) industry.

SA is now joining a growing list of countries whose governments formally recognise the value of OSS. Last month Cabinet approved the OSS strategy compiled by the Government IT Officers Council joining a diverse range of countries, including Germany, Mexico, China and others in explicit recognition and utilisation of OSS.
South Korea 2005-06-21
The South Korean government is rolling out a homegrown open-source platform to 10,000 schools in the country.

The South Korean government has announced a plan to have proprietary software on a substantial number of its PCs and servers replaced with open source alternatives by 2007.
Spain 2010-03-23
Linux has spread rapidly throughout Spain since 2002, when the government of Extremadura actually created its own customized Linux distribution. [...] By handing out the software for free and continuing to publicize its availability, Linux spread from Extremadura throughout the rest of Spain and remains widely used today.

The Spanish region of Extremadura has gone open source, deciding to move its entire administratrion to Linux and open source software within a year. The region's government has promoted open source for nearly 10 years but will now make it a requirement that its officals use the ODF and PDF formats for all documents. [...] "The government has estimated that the total cost for the first year of this project was about 190,000 euros, and believes it saved 18 million euros overall compared with a Microsoft-based system."

IBM has begun a project to modernize health-care services in the Spanish region of Extremadura, in what marks the country's largest installation of Linux-based computers to date,

In April, the government launched an unorthodox campaign to convert all the area's computer systems, in government offices, businesses and homes, from the Windows operating system to Linux, a free alternative.
Spain: City of Barcelona 2004-07-26
The city of Barcelona -- Spain's second largest city -- recently announced it will be phasing out its current Windows NT infrastructure in favor of open source software, according to IBLNEWS and other prominent Spanish-language news outlets.
Sri Lanka 2005-08-04
This year Sri Lanka will declare 5th-11th of September the "Free and Open Source Software Week 2005". The driving purpose behind the FOSS week would be to bring recognition to Sri Lanka by hosting international FOSS conferences, promote the use of FOSS solutions in Sri Lanka for the benefit of Business, Government and Academia, to bring awareness to Sri Lanka's FOSS capability and accomplishments and to help brand Sri Lanka as a hub for FOSS in Asia.
Sweden 2003-03-03
Statskontoret, the Swedish Agency for Public Management, has performed a feasibility study on free and open source software and has given a thumbs up to the use of free and open source software.

No one should be forced to use a vendor-specific product in order to communicate with the public sector. In order to achieve this ambition, it is imperative to use open standards and formats, both in a development stage and when procuring one's own systems. That is why there is also a need for a procurement policy concerning, and in certain case, placing demands on open source software and open standards.
Switzerland 2008-04-04
Beginning from next term, all computers at schools in the Swiss canton of Geneva will be switched to Ubuntu Linux only.

Une révolution informatique se prépare à Genève: d'ici à 2009, l'ensemble de l'administration cantonale va abandonner les programmes payants, en particulier ceux de Microsoft, pour les remplacer par des «logiciels libres», gratuits et ouverts, tels que Linux.
«Nous voulons garantir notre indépendance informatique», explique Jean-Marie Leclerc, directeur général du Centre des technologies de l'information de l'Etat. «Ce n'est pas dirigé contre Microsoft; il s'agit simplement de ne plus dépendre d'une seule entreprise».

Die Steuerbehörde des Schweizer Kantons Genf stattet alle steuerpflichtigen "natürlichen Personen" im Kanton mit einer CD für die Abgabe der elektronischen Steuererklärung 2002 aus. Neben dem Steuererklärungsprogramm GEtax 2002, das in Zusammenhang mit der DV Bern AG entwickelt wurde, befinden sich in diesem Jahr auf der CD zusätzlich Open-Source-Programme wie 1.0.1 in Französisch für Windows und Linux sowie der Webbrowser Mozilla 1.2.1 in Französisch für Windows, Linux und Mac OS X.

GEtax est une application permettant la saisie sur ordinateur de la déclaration d'impôt "personnes physiques" du canton de Genève. L'Administration Fiscale Cantonale (AFC) de Genève la met gratuitement à disposition sous forme de téléchargement et, nouveauté cette année, par envoi du CD-Rom à tous les contribuables avec la déclaration.
Taiwan 2002-06-24
The government is planning to implement an open source code project between next year and 2005 by encouraging R&D in office software systems and opening the source code to government agencies and private establishments, an official of the National Center for High Performance Computing said yesterday.

According to Vice Education Minister Wu Tieh-hsiung, the government is also planning to set up six educational centers around Taiwan to train open-source developers. Three years after the introduction of the open-source project, the centers will be training 120,000 basic users and 9,600 advanced users, he predicted.
Thailand 2004-01-15
Hewlett-Packard Co. on Thursday will announce that it earned a record-breaking $2.5 billion Linux-based revenue in fiscal 2003, with its Linux services and solutions business posting a 40 percent rise over fiscal 2002.

Hewlett-Packard has begun selling inexpensive, Linux-based notebooks in Thailand, in a move that underscores the open source platform's growing popularity in emerging markets. The notebooks are being sold as part of a push by Thailand's Information, Communications, and Technology (ICT) ministry to offer the public affordable PCs. The PCs come with a preloaded Linux operating system and went on sale last week for $450, a representative for HP in Singapore confirmed Friday.
Ukraine 2005-06-27
Recently, the Ukrainian Parliament registered a "project of law" (the equivalent of a bill in U.S. terms) that may radically alter the manner in which the Ukrainian government procures software. If adopted, it will require government agencies, along with all state-owned or state-controlled companies, to give preference to open source software.
United Kingdom 2009-02-25
The UK government has said it will accelerate the use of open source software in public services.

The open-source community is expected receive a major boost this week from the U.K. tech agency, which has investigated the potential benefits of using free, nonproprietary software in education.

UK Government will only use products for interoperability that support open standards and specifications in all future IT developments.

Sun Microsystems has landed a deal that will see its Java Desktop System (JDS) software deployed on 5,000 desktop PCs across the UK's National Health Service. [...] Duncan McNeil, chief technology officer for the National Programme, said in a statement that "the National Programme continues to view the use of open source software and open systems architecture as a key way of achieving best value and systems interoperability into the future".

Sun Microsystems Inc. on Monday will announce a strategic five-year agreement with the United Kingdom's Office of Government Commerce to establish the Java Enterprise System and the Java Desktop System as the underlying infrastructure and desktop solutions for the public sector.

Another U.K. city council has joined the list of organizations opting for Linux. The Dundee, Scotland, City Council has chosen the operating system, supplied with IBM Corp.'s eServer zSeries platform, in an attempt to reduce its running costs.

The National Health Service, Britain's biggest employer, is considering ditching Microsoft software after a row over mounting licensing costs. Richard Granger, NHS IT director, has ordered a trial of a Linux-based system from Sun Microsystems as part of a £2.3 billion computer modernisation plan. The plan could see Java Desktop software rolled out across the NHS's 1 million staff and 800,000 computers to replace Microsoft's Windows operating system and Office suite of programmes.

The UK Government is kicking off nine "proof of concept" trials of the use of open source software in the public sector with the intention of creating "a level playing field" between open source and proprietary software.
United Kingdom: City of Birmingham 3006-11-30
Contrary to press reports which claimed Birmingham had scrapped the Linux initiative, it will in fact "significantly increase" its use of open-source software.
United Kingdom: City of Bristol 2004-11-17
Bristol City Council is shifting 5,000 workers off proprietary desktop software and onto open source to help it save £1.4m over the next five years. Corel WordPerfect, Microsoft Office and Lotus 1-2-3 will all be ditched in favour of Sun's StarOffice 7.
United Nations 2004-08-29
The UN's International Open Source Network (IOSN) helped promote the first annual Software Freedom Day on 28 August, giving out CDs and booklets about the technology. Events took place in countries like India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. Open source is free and can offer big opportunities for developing countries.
United States 2005-10-14
The National Center for Open Source Policy and Research (NCOSPR) was launched today at the first Government Open Source Conference (GOSCON) in Portland, a meeting of more than 200 representatives of government entities and software developers hosted by at Oregon State University's Open Source Lab (OSL).

In its mandated search for best value and innovative solutions, the federal government is now looking to open source software, because, as one government official recently said, "the open source movement offers interoperable, reusable, commodity software as viable alternatives to proprietary software."
United States: Department of Defense 2010-03-23
According to, the United States Department of Defense is the "single biggest install base for Red Hat Linux" in the world. Nor was it an unconscious choice, as Brigadier General Nick Justice, the Deputy Program Officer for the Army's Program Executive Office proclaims "open source software is part of the integrated network fabric which connects and enables our command and control system to work effectively, as people's lives depend on it."

The CTO of a powerful agency within the U.S. Department of Defense boldly declares open source's superiority as a development model.

A report from the Department of Defense's Advanced Systems and Concepts Office, [...] recommends that the DoD move to a roadmap to adopt open source and open standards, maintaining that such a move is not only in the US national interest, but in the interests of US national security.

Linux Networx is building a new, high-performance 2,132-CPU Linux cluster supercomputer for the U.S. Department of Defense as part of an IT modernization program being undertaken by the agency.

The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has issued a policy that officially authorizes the use of open-source software at the department, a move open-source pundits say opens the door to more government use of open-source software. [...] Lack of a policy has not held back adoption of open-source software at the DOD, according to a Mitre Corp. study released early this year. In fact, the DOD to a large degree depends on free and open-source software for infrastructure support, software development, security and research, Mitre found.
United States: Department of Energy  
United States: Department of Homeland Security  
United States: Department of Justice 2010-03-23
U.S. Federal Courts rely on Linux for all manner of administrative tasks, including "case management, case tracking, finance and accounting, probation and pretrial services." Linux has been used by the courts since November of 2003, when PEC Solutions assisted in orchestrating a "migration of the Federal Judiciary to a Linux-based system."

Like dozens of other federal, state and local entities, the U.S. Marshal Service is adopting open-source software for some information technology projects, a move that's making Red Hat a potent symbol within the service's IT department.
United States: Air Force 2003-11-10
The AFCCC today selected a switching system from Topspin Communications Inc., of Mountain View, Calif., to help the center reduce hardware costs and replace its existing server architecture with a cluster of commodity servers running the RedHat Linux Advanced Workstation 2.1 operating system, according to agency officials.
United States: Army 2003-11-00
After the last version of Land Warrior failed reliability tests earlier this year, the Army switched gears and decided to make the system less complex and modify the hardware to make it compatible with the new Stryker infantry vehicle. [...] The LW SI will have a single processor. The previous LW had a dual processor, which frequently malfunctioned. Other changes include a more simplified data bus and a Linux-based operating system, as opposed to Windows. "Evidence shows that Linux is more stable. We are moving in general to where the Army is going, to Linux-based OS," said [Army Lt. Col. Dave] Gallop.
United States: Navy 2010-03-23
"The US Navy nuclear submarine fleet is using GNU/Linux."
United States: Census Bureau 2003-07-10
The Census Bureau chose open source for many projects because there are no procurement delays, it is portable within a heterogeneous environment and has interchangeable components.  
United States: Federal Aviation Administration 2010-03-23
Few government users of Linux appear to be happier with their choice to switch than the United States Federal Aviation Administration. According to Wikipedia, the FAA announced in 2006 that it "had completed a migration to Red Hat Enterprise Linux in one third of the scheduled time and saved 15 million dollars" in the process of doing so.

The top technology official at the Federal Aviation Administration revealed that he is considering a permanent ban on the Microsoft software in favor of a combination of Google's new online business applications running on Linux-based hardware.
United States: Library of Congress 2007-03-28
The Library of Congress, where thousands of rare public domain documents relating to America's history are stored and slowly decaying, is about to begin an ambitious project to digitize these fragile documents using Linux-based systems and publish the results online in multiple formats.
United States: NASA 2006-09-14
Two Linux-based lunar rovers are on maneuvers -- and Internet webcams -- this week in the Arizona desert near Meteor Crater. The maneuvers are related to a NASA project tasked with developing extra-vehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures for planetary surface exploration.

Red Hat's products can be found on several high-profile contract vehicles, including the National Institutes of Health's Electronic Commodities Store III and NASA's Scientific & Engineering Workstation Procurement III, but the company makes most of its [government] in-roads through hardware partners.

NASA plans to study the ocean's future with the help of the world's first supercomputer of its kind to run on the Linux operating system.

We present arguments in favor of developing an Open Source option for NASA software; in particular we discuss how Open Source is compatible with NASA's mission.
United States: National Science Foundation 2003-12-03
Walt Scacchi of the University of California, Irvine, and his colleagues are conducting formal studies of the informal world of open-source software development, in which a distributed community of developers produces software source code that is freely available to share, study, modify and redistribute. They're finding that, in many ways, open-source development can be faster, better and cheaper than the "textbook" software engineering often used in corporate settings. [...] The studies are supported by several Information Technology Research awards from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering.
United States: National Weather Service 2003-12-09
About half of the 137 sites in the National Weather Service's severe-storm prediction system now have new workstations that run Linux. The workstation replacement is part of a major upgrade to the weather service's ability to provide warnings of sudden storms and flash floods.
United States: Postal Service 2009-07-10
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has switched 1,300 of the servers that manage its package tracking system to a Linux environment.
United States: State of Hawaii 2004-09-16
Using free software and recycled computers is "very cost-effective," said Pua'ala McElhaney, principal at Enchanted Lake Elementary School.
United States: State of Indiana 2006-08-16
More than 20,000 Indiana students are now Linux-enabled under a state grant program to roll out low-cost, easy-to-manage workstations, which are running various flavors of the open-source operating system. "We have a million kids in the state of Indiana," [Mike Huffman, special assistant for technology at the Indiana Department of Education] continued. "If we were to pay $100 for software on each machine, each year, that's $100 million for software. That's well beyond our ability. That's why open source is so attractive. We can cut those costs down to $5 [on each computer] per year."

Schools in Indiana have started a Linux pilot project that could lead to every secondary-school student in the state using the open-source operating system, according to software company Linspire.
United States: State of Iowa  
United States: State of Louisiana 2003-05-05
One of the latest government installations based on open source tools is being developed in Louisiana, on behalf of the state's court system. In Louisiana's Nineteenth Judicial District Court, developers are building a new database application over Linux that offers police, judges and the public real-time access to judicial records.
United States: State of Massachusetts 2005-09-05
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has cited legal concerns over Microsoft's software as a factor behind its decision to only use document formats based on open standards.

Massachusetts has adopted a new policy that favors open-source software and adherence to open standards in government computing systems, a state official said.

The use of open standards, such as hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP), extensible markup language (XML) and secure sockets language (SSL), enables governments to more easily share data across different computing systems. Open-source software products, such as Linux and Apache Web server, are available for free and are one possible option for open standards.

In a memo sent last month, Massachusetts Administration and Finance Secretary Eric Kriss instructed the state's chief technology officer to adopt a policy of "open standards, open source" for all future spending on information technology.
United States: State of Missouri 2003-10-23
Information systems directors, like Cliff Gronauer of the Missouri State Highway Patrol, have tuned and tweaked NT servers during recent years to keep systems afloat. Gronauer has decided to avoid the "expense and pain" of upgrading to Windows Server 2003 and opt for Linux when support from Microsoft concludes at the end of 2004, he said Wednesday at the Enterprise Linux Forum conference.
United States: State of Nevada 2003-07-24
O'Barr's confidence in Linux' security has been borne out by time. Other than two unplanned interruptions in service due to a hard drive/controller problem, the system has experienced no downtime in the two years it has been operating.
United States: State of Oregon 2005-10-25
Governor Ted Kulongoski today announced the contribution of $350,000 by search technology leader Google Inc. to a joint open source technology initiative of Oregon State University and Portland State University. With the grant, the universities will collaborate to encourage open source software and hardware development, develop academic curricula and provide computing infrastructure to open source projects worldwide.

Salem Hospital of Oregon switches from barebones OS projects to commercialized Linux for its security.
United States: State of Rhode Island 2003-05-05
Rhode Island, for example, recently built out a portal serving up state rules and regulations on open source technology, using Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP/Perl/Python. The state's IT department spent $40K to build the portal, working two days a week for four months to get the job done.

Sharing can be especially helpful if your software needs are different from those of most organizations, notes Jim Willis, director of eGovernment at the Rhode Island Department of State.
United States: State of Texas 2002-10-30
Agencies should consider Open Source solutions in information technology procurements, and the criteria for selecting a specific solution should be based on best value. Agencies should use products that support open standards and specifications in all applications. Agencies should consider obtaining full rights to the software code it procures wherever this achieves best value.
United States: State of Utah  
United States: Pinellas County, FL  
United States: City of Austin, TX 2003-12-17
The City of Austin recently completed a group of pilot studies on the use of open source software in its day-to-day business. According to a message posted this morning on the Austin LUG mailing list by Scott Brown, the results are in, and as a result, as many as 80% of the city's desktops may be migrating from Microsoft Office to

It was during the one-on-one interviews that [city CIO Pete Collins] heard a number of people suggest that he take a look at Linux. They described its benefits and how it could save the city dollars. He listened, but when they asked that he look at it with an open mind, he told them "Save your breath. I'm already there."
United States: City of Bloomington, IN 2003-07-18
In Bloomington, the city's emergency dispatch system, running on Linux, dispatches 7,000 ambulance calls a year, as well as police and fire crews, for both the city and surrounding Monroe County.
United States: City of Chicago, IL 2005-01-15
Using HP servers running the Red Hat Linux operating system, Chicago's new system will issue more than one million vehicle stickers annually, replacing an aging mainframe application. [...] Chicago CIO Chris O'Brien said the city is exploring open-source solutions to squeeze cost from its IT infrastructure.
United States: City of Garden Grove, CA 2003-07-18
Garden Grove, California, which uses Linux throughout its IT infrastructure, is saving money in many ways with open source, says Charles Kalil, the city's information systems manager. For example, the city used to pay $7,000 a year to a records management company to pick up its backup tapes and store them off-site, Kalil says. It now backs up all its systems to one centralized Linux backup server, which then copies the data over a wireless connection to another server offsite.
United States: City of Houston, TX 2003-07-18
The Houston, Texas, city government runs its Web and domain name servers on Red Hat Linux.
United States: City of Largo, FL 2003-07-18 From Florida to Washington State, Linux appears to be infiltrating the IT departments of local governments across the country in much the same way it sprouted up in corporate IT shops: from the bottom up. And in a few places, like sunny Largo Florida -- population 70,000 -- Linux use is no longer limited to a few non-critical applications, but is now supporting large chunks of governmental infrastructure. Thanks largely to open source software and the low-maintenance thin clients, the city's IT budget -- about 1.5% of the city's overall expenditures -- runs about half what similar-sized cities spend, says Harold Schomaker, Largo's CIO.
United States: City of Los Angeles, CA 2005-02-07
City officials in Los Angeles are considering switching to an open-source platform for their computer systems to potentially save millions of dollars that could be redirected to other services.
United States: City of New York, NY  
United States: City of Newport News, VA 2004-01-15
"When our researchers said open source was a Best Practice in Software collaboration, I listened."
Venezuela 2004-12-31
Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez said this week that the country's public administration will switch to open source software over the next two years, according to reports.
Viet Nam 2003-10-30
Quynh and other government tech officials want Vietnam to be on the cutting edge of an international movement to embrace open-source software. [...] They are promoting a plan that would require all state-owned companies and government ministries to use open source by 2005. And they would require all computers assembled in Vietnam to be sold with open-source products installed on them. The prime minister is expected to take up their proposal this fall. [...] The United Nations Development Program, which sees open-source software as a way to strengthen Vietnam's technology sector, has been encouraging the government to pursue it.
Adobe 2004-11-03
Adobe Systems, maker of major desktop software products such as Photoshop and Acrobat Reader, has begun a quiet effort to become more involved with desktop Linux. [...] The software maker is now taking a more active role by joining a prominent Linux consortium, working to improve Linux and planning to lead its own open-source development projects.
Air New Zealand  
Akiva 2004-02-03
Software development company Akiva has been around since 1999, creating proprietary collaboration software for companies that rely on instant messaging, video conferencing, and email to create an idea-sharing atmosphere for employees. But after prompting from some of its largest customers, such as Cisco, Qualcomm, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Akiva began to discover the value of open source.
Amazon 2004-02-03 Inc. is among the largest, most visible proponents of the Linux operating system. When questions are raised about the capabilities of Linux to scale and be sufficiently secure to operate enterprise systems, Amazon is often cited as an example to answer those questions.

Soon, Amazon will be able to add another title to its collection: pure-Linux enterprise. [Vice President of Infrastructure Tom] Killalea announced in his keynote presentation at LinuxWorld here on Wednesday that Amazon's last holdout application -- the company's 14-terabyte-plus data warehouse -- will be moved over to Linux servers running Oracle's Real Application Clusters (RAC) software by the end of the second quarter of this year.

2003-10-24 runs its shopping carts off Oracle on Linux. You want to talk mission-critical? What could be more business mission-critical? If Amazon's shopping carts stop working, not only are thousands of customers inconvenienced but the entire world knows that the biggest Internet retailer of all has had a major foul-up.
Ameranda Hess Corporation 2003-10-27
But [Microsoft's] assertions about Linux' hidden costs don't always pan out in the real world. "Our experience is different," says Jeffrey R. Davis, the global technical lead at Amerada Hess Exploration and Production, who manages 400 Linux servers by himself. "It takes fewer people to manage the Linux machines than Windows machines." Microsoft acknowledges that some companies find that running Linux is cheaper than Windows.
American Express 2003-03-03
American Express migrated from AIX to Linux last week, mirroring a similar move by another financial giant, earlier in the year. IBM has a significant presence with both organisations, and it has probably had a role in encouraging both organisations transititions to Linux.
Ameritrade 2003-11-04
[Illuminata President Jonathan] Eunice noted that all of the major OEMs support Linux, as do the leading system management software, middleware, and applications. Eunice added that like Unix in its early days, Linux has found a particularly loyal following on Wall Street. It currently has a strong presence in Merill Lynch, Ameritrade, Reuters, and Credit Suisse/First Boston.
Anaconda Sports 2003-10-20
Sometimes companies aren't actively seeking Linux for the solution to their problems; sometimes Linux just happens to be the best solution for their needs. One NY-based sporting goods chain found itself in this position recently, and they are so far pretty impressed with the benefits of the unsought platform.
AT&T 2004-10-05
Network services giant AT&T is evaluating different operating systems, including Linux and Mac OS X, as alternatives to Windows for internal use.
Audi 2004-02-05
Audi intends to use Linux for as many applications as possible.
BBC 2005-06-03
The BBC News website serves 3 million users and 24 million page impressions every day. [...] The servers themselves are running Apache web server software on either the Linux or Solaris operating system.
BMW Williams 2003-11-18
Aerodynamics are as important to modern Formula 1 race cars as they are to jet fighters. That's why the BMW Williams F1 team turn to a Linux cluster when they need to get a bit more out of their 3-litre, 1,000-horsepower, 1,320-lb. FW25 car.
Apple Computer 2005-05-16
We believe the open source model is the most effective form of development for certain types of software. By pooling expertise with the open source development community, we expect to improve the quality, performance and feature set of our software.
Boeing 2002-11-13
What Operating System will FCS use? FCS C4ISR has selected the Linux OS.
Canadian National Railways 1999-06-30 Linux' very selling point -- its crash-proof nature -- is convincing many chief information officers that they don't need to pony up for support. For instance, Canadian National Railways uses Red Hat on roughly 100 servers, but without a support contract. "It has been a very stable installation, so we haven't found a need to so far," notes Carlos V. da Roza, the company's manager of data networks.
Canadian Union of Public Employees 2003-05-06
Canada's largest trade union has relaunched its web site using open source software, ending an unhappy relationship with Microsoft IIS and Oracle. The third iteration of the Canadian Union of Public Employees' web site runs the familiar Apache, MySQL and PHP combination to serve up more than 10,000 pages, as well as events, links, web-based email, chat, local web site hosting, online ordering and other applications that will be of direct benefit to its half million members, as well as locals, committees, and other organizations.
Capital Cardiology Associates 2004-02-13
The doctors at Capital Cardiology Associates, with seven offices in New York and Massachusetts, pride themselves on latching on to the latest medical gizmos. But now they're pioneering in a different tech realm: computers. Employees at the 160-person company have traded in PCs running Microsoft Corp.'s Windows for machines using the up-and-coming Linux operating system.
Cendant 2003-03-15
David Chugg had a dream. He wanted to remove the Internet Explorer icon from the Windows desktop. Chugg's not a Justice Department lawyer, nor does he have a particular beef with Microsoft. It's just that he didn't want reservations agents at the 6,600 hotels that are franchises of his company, New York City-based Cendant, to be surfing the Internet when they should be taking care of guests. But, of course, everyone knows Windows won't work without Explorer. That's why Chugg likes Linux. "It's a loosely coupled system, so you can rip out the stuff you don't want without harming the rest of it."
Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group 2008-09-24
Big business runs on Linux and nowhere is that more apparent on the world¿s major stock markets. So, it should come as no surprise that the Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group, the world¿s largest and most diverse derivatives exchange, has joined the Linux Foundation.
Cisco 2005-02-17
Manning, an IT manager at Cisco Systems who supports the vendor's internal network, is behind a Linux push inside the company. The firm has already converted more than 2,000 of its engineers to Linux desktops, with plans to move many laptop users to the platform over the next few years. [...] "We're not going to get everyone at Cisco onto Linux," Manning says. " I would be happy if we could get 70 percent of the company."
Computer Associates 2004-05-05
The company will announce at its CA World user conference later this month a financial and development commitment to open source, said Mark Barrenechea, senior vice president of product development.

Computer Associates International Inc., which has pegged Tuesday as Linux Solution Day at its CA World conference here, is working on a range of new Linux deals, initiatives and products, including an upcoming formal partnership with Linux solution provider Ximian Inc.

Linux offers a new approach to address technology issues in business and it is changing the entire software industry. At Computer Associates International, Inc. (CA), we are committed to maximizing Linux benefits and continually innovating new solutions that smoothly integrate, protect and manage our customers existing environments.
Copernio 2003-06-24
On June 14, at the world-leading Paris Air Show, multinational aviation software systems vendor Copernio debuted its first major Linux product. And Copernio CEO Peter Berghammer says, "I think two years from now, we might just be doing Linux releases, not Windows."
Credit Suisse First Boston 2003-11-04
[Illuminata President Jonathan] Eunice noted that all of the major OEMs support Linux, as do the leading system management software, middleware, and applications. Eunice added that like Unix in its early days, Linux has found a particularly loyal following on Wall Street. It currently has a strong presence in Merill Lynch, Ameritrade, Reuters, and Credit Suisse/First Boston.
Dreamworks 2002-01-30
With its last hit, "Shrek," DreamWorks used Linux servers to help "render" each frame, the brute-force job of creating detailed images from skeletal outlines, said Ed Leonard, DreamWorks' chief technology officer.
DaimlerChrysler AG 2003-03-15
"My operations group is really very positive about using [open source]," says Sue Unger, senior vice president and CIO of Stuttgart, Germany-based DaimlerChrysler AG. "It requires less time to manage than [proprietary software]. Answers become apparent a lot easier, and they don't seem to need as many management tools as they've needed with other environments."
Datavantage 2003-02-12
"We wanted to be able to modify any parameter on the OS level," [Project Manager Ian] Amit said. "You just can't do that with Windows."
De Bortoli Wines 2005-08-19
"I could see that the shift to Linux was going to happen anyway, and that by adopting it I could increase the level of IT resources available to the company." [De Bortoli CIO Bill] Robertson says. "I knew that the sooner we began to work strategically the better we would be in the long run."
Dell 2005-10-04
Dell began offering a new desktop PC on Tuesday with no operating system installed. The machine is designed for people who want to run open-source software such as Linux instead of Windows.

Dell Computer has switched 14 of its internal servers from Sun Microsystems machines to its own systems running Linux and a new version of Oracle's database software, Chief Information Officer Randy Mott said Thursday.
Ernie Ball 2003-10-06
When Jeff Whitmore, IT manager at Ernie Ball Guitar Strings, got the order to change over the company's systems from Windows to Linux, he was ecstatic. Not only would Linux be easier to run, he was about save $80,000 just on new license fees. [...] In addition, viruses, currently the bane of Internet-connected enterprises worldwide, are no longer a problem for Whitmore. This saves time and, therefore, money.

Ball told his IT department he wanted Microsoft products out of his business within six months. "I said, 'I don't care if we have to buy 10,000 abacuses,'" recalled Ball, who recently addressed the LinuxWorld trade show. "We won't do business with someone who treats us poorly."
EXP Pharmaceutical Services 2005-03-28
EXP Pharmaceutical Services Corp. of Fremont, Calif., is finding freedom from huge licensing fees and increasing its ROI thanks to a recent migration from Windows and a proprietary software infrastructure to Linux and open source solutions.
Fedex Freight 2002-11-18
FedEx Freight recently put a new face on its Web operations, and so far the company likes what it sees. The large-volume trucking division of FedEx recently installed 15 Red Hat Linux 7.2 and 7.3 servers running Apache Web server to act as a front end to its customer service application, used by businesses that hire Freight to deliver multitruckload shipments of goods across the country.
Fujitsu 2005-02-14
Fujitsu this week will unveil the Primergy BX620 S2 blade server, a four-way system powered by Intel Corp.'s Xeon processors that can run Linux from both Red Hat Inc. and Novell Inc.'s SuSE Linux unit.
Fujitsu Siemens 2002-12-18
A whole new dimension to the IT solution spectrum is now open to Linux users in the form of mature and effective solutions from Fujitsu Siemens Computers and our partners.
Ford Motor Company 2003-09-15
Motor giant Ford is switching to Linux for its sales systems, human resources, customer relations and infrastructure, according to a report in yesterday's Scotland on Sunday.
Google 2008-01-01
"[Google is] an example of a company that literally couldn't have existed in the same form pre-Linux or pre-open source," says Jim Zemlin, executive director of The Linux Foundation -- the organization that pays Linus Torvalds to work on the Linux kernel. "If they had to rely on Microsoft or Sun, not only would it have been too expensive, they could not have done the modifications necessary to create their services."

The reason this announcement heralds such a seismic shift in the way mobile devices are developing is that Google is embracing the Open Source movement and aligning itself with the Open model of technology development.

The open source Linux operating system that powers Google was the focus of the recent LinuxWorld Conference and Expo in San Francisco. Many in attendance were fans of both Linux and Google and inquisitive about everything from the "flavor" of Linux Google uses to issues Google might have encountered running Linux on more than 10,000 web servers.
Hewlett-Packard 2006-03-06
Hewlett-Packard is closing custom deals for thousands of desktop PCs running Linux, which has the company assessing the possibility of offering factory-loaded Linux systems, an HP executive said.

Hewlett-Packard Co. is putting its weight behind personal computers that run the Linux operating system, the No. 1 personal computer and computer printer maker said on Wednesday. [...] "Does Microsoft like the fact that we do Linux stuff? Absolutely not. But they understand that we deliver Linux," said Martin Fink, vice president of Linux for Hewlett-Packard.

HP has put its money where its mouth is with regard to Linux and now boasts about 3,500 Linux-based systems in-house involved in a range of activities, from DNS servers to clustering to electronic design, [Linux Strategist Mike] Balma said.
Hitachi 2003-03-26
Hitachi participates in Open Source Projects actively, and contributes to evolution of Open Source Software. The purpose of this site is to transmit the work for improvement of Open Source and information of Open Source Projects.
Industrial Light and Magic 2006-03-21
ILM now uses 20 Linux-based SpinServer NAS systems and about 3000 disks from Network Appliance. ... Linux-based render boxes at ILM talk to the disk storage systems via the NFS protocol.

The technical effects studio has switched from using RISC-Unix workstations from SGI to using Intel-based Dell systems running Linux for the bulk of its animation and special effects work, said Cliff Plumer, ILM's chief technology officer. ILM began experimenting with Intel-based workstations when working on "Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace," and used them extensively in "Episode II: Attack of the Clones." The conversion process took about nine months, Plumer said. The company is currently using these machines on "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" and "Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines."
Infopia 2003-11-26
Since day one back in 1999, the IT folks at Infopia Inc. have used and built their IT infrastructure around Linux and freeware.
Intel 2007-04-16
Intel is developing its own take on the mini-tablet, with a new ultra-mobile PC platform to be announced at this week's Intel Developer Forum in Beijing. The big surprise? Its based on Linux.
Interact-TV 2005-05-24
Interact-TV, a digital media management company based in Westminster, Colo., uses a custom Linux operating system built on Fedora Core as the base for its digital television servers. As a result of his experiences with Linux and other open source software on the production floor, CEO Ken Fuhrman has fired his Web host, fired up some Red Hat servers, and created a custom Web-based engineering environment along with StarOffice and Linux for administrative desktops.
International Business Machines 2003-10-17
Deborah Magid, who works in the software division of IBM and liases with venture capitalists, said: "I've watched our use of open source grow and I agree it's totally unstoppable. A lot of people wonder why we feel that way about open source, but in 1995 we shed our proprietary mindset. We supported Java because it was a portable platform, and Linux was attractive to us for the same reason". And, she said, the use of Linux is growing.

Linux will be the main operating system for IBM's upcoming family of "Blue Gene" supercomputers -- a major endorsement for the operating system and the open-source computing model it represents. Blue Gene/L, the first member of the family, will contain 65,000 processors and 16 trillion bytes of memory. Due in 2004 or 2005, the system will be able to perform 200 trillion calculations per second.

"This is the first [semiconductor] fab whose IT infrastructure is all Linux-based, controlled by some 1,700 1-GHz microprocessors able to access some 600 terabytes of data," said Perry Hartswick, project manager for factory integration solutions. "Together with Cisco, we developed this IT manufacturing environment with off-the-shelf parts."
KB Toys 2003-03-15
Until recently, Tom Jeffery didn't give a damn about open-source software. What concerned him was finding 10,000 new cash registers (essentially PCs with cash drawers) for 1,300 KB Toys stores and a new software system to run them because his old vendor was going to stop supporting the system he had. But then a funny thing happened. "We sent out final [RFPs] to six vendors and narrowed it down to three," he recalls. "The only thing they had in common was they were all written in Java. And ran on Linux."
Korean Air  
Life Insurance Corporation of India 2006-04-07
One of the leading life insurance companies in the world has chosen to implement Red Hat Enterprise Linux across its desktops and servers.
Lithonia 2003-10-02
Lithonia Lighting, a $1.3 billion lighting manufacturer, and Dallas Airmotive, a Texas-based airplane engine manufacturer, each saved more than $500,000 doing Unix-to-Linux migrations. [...] Director of technical services Phil Kilgore said his enterprise's move to Dell hardware running Red Hat Enterprise Advanced Server and an Oracle 9i database has yet to stress the system, even after extending the application to additional regional plants. "We doubled our users again, and we don't plan on adding [Oracle] RAC nodes," Kilgore said. "We're running four currently, and they are not stressed that much."
Mark's Work Warehouse 2002-12-05
Mark's Work Wearhouse Ltd. new point-of-sale solution is saving it more than 30 per cent with each store opening while reducing maintenance costs by 50 per cent, according to Robin Lynas, CIO, Mark's Work Wearhouse. Retek Inc.'s Java-based solution deployed on Red Hat Linux 7.3 has been rolled out in 65 stores and hundreds more are soon to follow.
Matalan 2005-09-27
UK retailer Matalan has migrated 2,800 [point of sale] tills to Linux.
Matsushita Electric 2003-10-21
Consumer electronics giant Panasonic will use Linux instead of Microsoft's Windows Media Centre operating system as a base for multimedia entertainment systems that combine TV, video, and stereo with computers and internet access.

Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. (Panasonic) and Sony Corporation today announced their agreement to work in partnership on the development of an enhanced Linux platform for digital home electronic devices.
McDonald's Restaurants 2004-06-07
McDonald's Germany deploys SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server for DNS, FTP, and proxy services on the Internet.
Merrill Lynch 2003-06-07
During a presentation Friday at the Enterprise Linux Forum here, Mark Snodgrass, vice president of Merrill Lynch's in-house technology provider, the Global Technology and Services group, said that the company has found that rebuilding its information infrastructure using Linux can reduce administration costs dramatically.


"I always want to have the right competitive dynamics. That's why we focus on Linux. Riding that wave will give us choices going forward," says John A. McKinley Jr., executive vice-president for global technology and services at Merrill Lynch and Company.
Morgan Stanley 2003-03-03
Jeffrey M. Birnbaum, 37, is managing director for computing at brokerage giant Morgan Stanley's Institutional Securities Division. Birnbaum is betting Morgan Stanley's technology future on open source software. Birnbaum has fallen hard for Linux, a penny-pinching open-source alternative to computer operating systems such as Microsoft Corp.'s Windows and Sun Microsystems Inc.'s Solaris. He's busy replacing 4,000 high-powered servers running traditional software with much cheaper machines running Linux. Projected five-year savings: up to $100 million.
Motorola 2006-08-17
"We've got to the point where 50 (percent) to 60 percent of our phonexi platforms will be Linux-based in the next couple years," Greg Besio, vice president of mobile device software, said in an interview at the LinuxWorld Conference and Expo here.

Motorola plans to eventually use Linux in most of its handsets, including the less-expensive models. The Linux-powered handset will be closely watched by those who foresee a bright future for the open-source operating system on portable devices.

Motorola announced today the Motorola A760, the world's first handset combining a Linux Operating System and Java Technology, with full multimedia PDA functionality.

"We think we'll move millions of units" of cell phones running Linux, [Vice President Scott] Durschlag said. "I think you'll see it take over the majority of our portfolio going forward," including lower-end phones.
NEC 2004-03-30
It's called the "LookClub," and it's a not a PC, but it's not a PDA either. I guess that makes it close to a Sony AirBoard? Although not really. It does, however, use Linux, and is suprisingly affordable.
Network Appliance 2003-12-10
The Open Source Development Labs (OSDL), a global consortium of customers and leading technology companies dedicated to accelerating the adoption of Linux, today announced that Network Appliance, Inc. (NASDAQ: NTAP), a leading provider of enterprise network storage solutions, has joined OSDL and will bolster the Lab's storage initiatives by participating in the OSDL Data Center Linux (DCL) Working Group.
New York Life Insurance 2003-03-15
"The way [open source] has been accepted and embraced by the IBMs and Suns has put it on our radar screen," says Judith Campbell, senior vice president and CIO of New York Life Insurance. "I like what I'm seeing because however this shakes out, it represents a flight to quality in software."
New York Stock Exchange 2007-12-14
"The New York Stock Exchange is investing heavily in x86-based Linux systems and blade servers. ... The NYSE still runs numerous Unix systems, especially ones with Solaris."
New Zealand Stock Exchange 2004-07-13
NZX - the New Zealand stock exchange - has become the first major New Zealand company to adopt the Oracle 10g database running on Red Hat Linux. Apart from being able to consolidate 21 databases into one, the new NZX system runs faster, more reliably and at less cost, says the company's tech team.
Nokia 2005-09-19
Nokia and the Eclipse Foundation today announced that Nokia has joined the Eclipse Foundation as a Strategic Developer and Board member. Nokia will support the work of the Eclipse open source community by contributing software and developers to a proposed new Eclipse project.

"Open-source software and Linux is an interesting phenomenon--it is not new for Nokia," said Tero Ojanpera, Nokia's chief strategy officer. "We are more and more using open source in our developments."

Nokia Corporation announced today that it allows all its patents to be used in the further development of the Linux Kernel. Nokia believes that open source software communities, like open standards, foster innovation and make an important contribution to the creation and rapid adaptation of technologies.

Nokia has been actively recruiting and trying to entice developers with experience in the open source Symbian operating system, which powers most of Nokia's high-end phones and phone/computer combination units. And that's a high number; Nokia moved more than 100 million phones in 2002. [...] "We're all about open standards and as much open source code as possible," [Nokia spokesman Chuck] Chopp said, "in order to extend the reach of our applications for deployment across all boundaries. We want everyone in the chain to prosper [...] and open source, open standards is the way to go."
NTT 2004-02-03
The world's largest telecommunications conglomerate, with 430 companies and 200,000 employees, has joined the Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) and will participate in the Lab's Data Center Linux and Carrier Grade Linux working groups. [...] Yuji Inoue, senior vice president of NTT, said, "We are joining OSDL to contribute in establishing Linux as the computing platform for telecom carrier IT systems."
NTT DoCoMo 2004-11-26
NTT DoCoMo, the most experienced company of all in building ecosystems, laid out new plans for its next generation handset architecture - plans that embrace Linux and Symbian, and specifically exclude Microsoft.

DoCoMo intends Linux as a cost-saving measure for its 2004 cell phone lineup, spokeswoman Karen Lurker said on Wednesday. The Linux operating system, which is distributed freely, could help DoCoMo's handset suppliers-- NEC, Panasonic, Toshiba and Fujitsu--drive down the price of some of the phones they manufacture, she said.

NTT DoCoMo Inc, Japan's top mobile operator, aims to offer third-generation (3G) handsets that run on the Linux-based operating system as early as the second half of 2004, a source close to the firm said on Tuesday.
Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide 2005-03-30
Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide, whose clients include Sun Microsystems, the Department of Homeland Security, and Disney, has made the switch from Windows to Linux and BSD.
Oracle 2004-05-26
Oracle will finish switching its 9,000-person in-house programming staff to Linux by the end of 2004, the database powerhouse said Wednesday. In October, the company finished the Linux transition for the 5,000 programmers of its Oracle Applications software. Now the transformation has begun for those who work on the database product.

[Director Jim] Enright said that today, Oracle is "aggressively" transferring its internal IT to Linux. Looking ahead, Enright said he sees all of Oracle internal IT working on the Linux platform. Even now, he noted, all Oracle employees use Linux at some point in their workday. [...] Customers who now go to Oracle for outsourced DBMS solutions are now automatically placed on Linux platforms unless they express a preference for another platform. Since Oracle started this policy in May, he said, all the customers have opted to stick with Linux. Today, more than 60 percent of Oracle's hosted customers are running on Linux.
Orbitz 2003-10-02
Online travel agent Orbitz recently moved off of Sun's Unix OS, Solaris, to Red Hat Linux at a 10x cost reduction and a 2x performance boost, said chief Internet architect Leon Chism.

Online travel agency Orbitz Inc. is more committed than ever to the open-source operating system that powers the company's search engine for low-priced airline tickets. Because of the sophistication of Orbitz's IT organization, the company prefers to have the source code of applications readily available, which is always the case with open source software, in order to fix problems.
Palm 2007-04-10
Ed Colligan, in his Investor Day keynote today, announced that Palm will be launching a homegrown Linux-based OS by the end of the year.
Panasonic 2005-09-13
The Panasonic Digital Concepts Center, through its newly established Technology Collaboration Center, is seeking to invest in four to five start-ups working on Linux technology for embedded computing systems such as consumer electronics devices.
Papa John's Restaurants  
PayPal 2007-11-28
A Linux grid is the power behind the payment system at PayPal, and it's converted a mainframe believer.
PGA Tour 2004-05-04
One group that's driving forward with Linux is the PGA Tour, a mid-sized enterprise that organizes 120 golf tournaments a year. In the first quarter of 2000, Steve Evans, vice-president of information systems, replaced a piece of his Windows NT operation with a Linux system. Pleased with its reliability, Evans now uses Linux as the backbone of his mail system, and he's phasing it into other aspects of the IT operation.
Philips 2003-08-28
"The consumer-electronics industry has chosen the Linux platform in large numbers. For us, Linux has several advantages," said Gerard Kleisterlee, Chief Executive at consumer-electronics maker Philips Electronics.
PricewaterhouseCoopers 2005-10-25
IT managers who want to deploy an open source solution but are worried about company politics should go ahead and do it without asking, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) Japan IT manager Mark Uemura. [...] "PricewaterhouseCoopers is a Windows shop but we were forced to use open source," he said. "I inherited a real nightmare with servers going up and down. There were e-mail outages and on top of that there was a bad relationship between our users and IT."
Regal Cinemas 2003-03-03
If you bought a soft drink or a bag of popcorn the last time you went to the movies, chances are the cashier rang up your purchase on a device running the Linux operating system -- the basic software that controls a computer. Last September, Regal Cinemas, which owns 520 theaters in 36 states, replaced its old electronic cash registers with inexpensive computers based on Linux to link its concession stands to its back-end accounting systems.
Reuters 2003-09-25
Reuters chose to put its Market Data System on Linux (supposedly generating $200 million in sales of services and server hardware in the next 5 years.)
Sabre Holdings 2003-12-16
"Low-fare searches are driven by Web customers and don't really not gain much revenue because the look-ratios are very high. A lot more people browse than really buy. So we needed to drive down the costs of the technology as much as possible. With that in mind, when we started looking at our reservation system in 2000, we knew that we wanted to go to Linux on commodity servers."
Salon 2003-05-23
In the case of content management, a number of open source contenders are emerging but Bricolage, in particular, stands out in terms of capability.
Bricolage is an actively developed content management system with a browser-based interface. It has most of the features you would expect from a full-featured content management system, including distributed authoring of content, workflow and support for user roles and groups. The product was built to run Visiting this site gives a useful and interesting demonstration of its capabilities.
Samsung 2003-12-16
Samsung is shipping a high-end smartphone powered by embedded Linux from Mizi Research that supports both Chinese and English.
Sharp 2003-11-11
Sharp has selected MontaVista Software's version of Linux for its HG-01S home entertainment server, the companies said Monday. The device can be used to record TV programs, to store digital images from a camera-equipped mobile phone, to house a Web-based photo album and to handle other tasks.
Siemens 2003-08-14
One of the world's largest IT companies is declaring that the Linux desktop will capture 20% of the market for desktop computers in large enterprises within 5 years. Siemens Business Systems, the $6 billion global IT consulting and outsourcing company, has conducted extensive testing with real-world, non-technical workers and is declaring that Linux has matured as a desktop and will quickly vault to the #2 most-installed OS in the world.
SPX Corporation 2003-03-15
"We just had a security and penetration audit last month, and the only systems the auditors weren't able to penetrate were the Linux systems," says Pete Sattler, SPX's chief e-business officer and CIO.
Sun Microsystems 2005-12-05
When it released the source code to its Solaris operating system, Sun Microsystems bet that people would pick it up and run. Sun said it wanted to see a community form around the OpenSolaris code, and take it beyond what the company had done with it in its more than 25 years of development of the OS. Today the community Sun was looking for seems to be coming to life.

"Sun is now heading in the direction where all its software is going to be based on open source. It's become more important than ever to have coordination to promote best practices and ensure consistency in the way Sun behaves with open-source communities," [Sun Open Source Officer Simon] Phipps said.
Super Tramp Trampolines 2003-06-06
Super Tramp now runs a 99.5% open-source shop, using, Mozilla Web and e-mail, GIMP, Sendmail and SmoothWall. The company now has only one PC running Microsoft Windows (because of its user's skill with Adobe Photoshop). The company soon began to reap the rewards of its migration, in the form of improved staff morale and smiling faces -- something management couldn't help but notice.
Sybase 2003-07-14
Database software vendor Sybase Inc. today launched a Linux Competency Center in New York for customers to learn more about its products, and it unveiled plans to port all of its software to Linux by next year.
Telstra 2003-09-18
Australian telco Telstra will be one of the first major customers to roll with Sun's Mad Hatter Linux desktop, according to a report in The Australian.

Telstra, Australia's largest technology company, has nailed its colours firmly to the mast of open source software, creating a potential nightmare for Microsoft and sending shivers through a range of traditional platform providers.
Telstra 2003-09-18
Australian telco Telstra will be one of the first major customers to roll with Sun's Mad Hatter Linux desktop, according to a report in The Australian.

Telstra, Australia's largest technology company, has nailed its colours firmly to the mast of open source software, creating a potential nightmare for Microsoft and sending shivers through a range of traditional platform providers.
Texas Instruments 2004-04-23
Dana Myers is known as the penguin lady at chip giant Texas Instruments. Since 2002, Myers has overseen development work on compact versions of the open-source Linux operating system used to run chips and circuit boards in mobile phones and other electronics products. And during the past year, Myers has boosted the size of her development team by 75%, to nearly 100 people. "All over the world, customers are asking us for Linux", says Myers.
Tommy Hilfinger  
Tractor Supply Company 2003-09-03
Two years ago, Linux-based servers running Oracle database software were placed in hundreds of TSC retail stores for back-end, point-of-sale applications. The IT staff and users were impressed with the results. "Once Linux was up, we didn't have to do anything with it," said [Database Manager Stevan] Townsend. "It's very stable."
Unilever 2003-03-17
Unilever, a $52 billion consumer products giant, is switching to Linux to run its businesses around the world.
Union Pacific Railroad 2002-12-01
Union Pacific is building a new generation of intranet and customer applications based on Web technology. At the heart of the strategy is open-source Apache Unix Web servers, which let developers add to the server software as needed or write their own modules for legacy interfaces and other features, rather than having to wait for a Web server vendor to distribute a new service pack or release.
United Federation of Teachers 2005-02-28
Linux is earning high marks not just as a technical solution but as a financial one that results in immediate and significant cost advantages.
Verizon 2002-08-15
Telecommunications company Verizon Communications saved $6 million in equipment costs by moving its programmers to Linux computers, the company said Wednesday. The company cut costs by replacing programmers' Unix and Windows workstations with Linux systems that run OpenOffice instead of Microsoft Office, said George Hughes, a Verizon executive overseeing the work. The average desktop cost dropped from $20,000 to $3,000 per developer, he said in a talk at the LinuxWorld Conference and Expo.
The Weather Channel 2004-01-26
With the help of Dell(tm) PowerEdge servers running SUSE LINUX, was able to improve the reliability and speed of information to its customers during a severe winter storm on Dec. 5, 2003.

2003-07-28 runs Linux to serve many of its Web pages but has not been influenced by SCO's statements and legal moves and plans to continue with its Linux strategy and future implementations, said Dan Agronow, vice president of technology for, part of The Weather Channel Enterprises Inc., of Atlanta.
Yellow Cab Service Corporation  
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