The Executive, Legislative and Judicial Powers, decentralized
organizations and companies where the National State is a major
stockholder, will use only free programs (software) for their systems
and IT equipment.
A protracted NSW government project to give its agencies cheaper and
quicker access to Linux and open source software is reaching fruition
with several vendors preparing to sign contracts as pre-approved
The NSW Office of State Revenue (OSR) is taking a tough stance against
Microsoft's decision to make an enterprise edition of Windows Vista only
available to companies that have signed on to its Software Assurance
[T]he agency had already successfully bedded down open source on its
back-end, running its Oracle 9i and 10g core databases and assorted
other transactional applications over Citrix on Dell-based clusters and
had guarantees of open source support from key enterprise applications
The NSW government said it had established Australia's the first
whole-of-government panel to supply open source software and services to
its departments and agencies.
The state government of New South Wales, in Australia, will migrate
1,500 of its users in the Roads and Traffic Authority from Microsoft
Outlook to Sun's StarOffice productivity suite and Messaging products.
The Australian Capital Territory is set to become the first jurisdiction
in the country to adopt a bill which says that public bodies should, as
far as practicable, consider the use of open source software when
procuring computer software.
While critics in the United States grow more concerned each day about
the insecurity of electronic voting machines, Australians designed a
system two years ago that addressed and eased most of those concerns:
They chose to make the software running their system completely open to
Called eVACS, or Electronic Voting and Counting System, the system was
created by a company called Software Improvements to run on Linux, an
open-source operating system available on the Internet.
[The Australian Capital Territory Electoral Commission] posted drafts as
well as the finished software code on the Internet for the public to
review. The system cost $125,000 to develop and implement.
The Australian Government is a "leader" in guiding public sector Linux
implementations, the head of IBM's global public sector Linux program says.
Ms Fisher said the federal Government's endorsement of the open source
operating system as an option for government agencies and its approach to
sharing information on Linux, and tomorrow's forum were examples of its
strategic approach to government IT infrastructure.
Austria: City of Vienna
The Austrian capital city of Vienna's local government is due to start
migrating its desktop PCs to open source software in the second quarter
of this year.
Since taking office two years ago, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
has turned Brazil into a tropical outpost of the free-software movement.
Looking to save millions of dollars in royalties and licensing fees, da
Silva has instructed government ministries and state-run companies to
gradually switch from costly operating systems made by Microsoft and
others to free operating systems, like Linux. On da Silva's watch,
Brazil has also become the first country to require any company or
research institute that receives government financing to develop
software to license it as open source, meaning the underlying software
code must be free to all.
The government of Brazil says it will switch 300,000 government computers
from Microsoft's Windows operating system to open source software like Linux.
Microsoft founder Bill Gates wants to meet with Brazil's president to
discuss the change.
Brazil is dropping all proprietary software.
Brazil is one of the countries whose government has come out firmly in
favor of free software. The initiative includes plans to export around 2
billion USD worth of software per year; to replace Microsoft Windows
with Linux in 300,000 federal government computers; to transfer 1
billion USD in resources from the Telecommunications Fund (Fust) to the
free software-based Digital Communications System (SCD); and to
integrate the country's 200,000 public schools via open-source
IBM is teaming up with the government of Brazil to develop the country's
expertise in open-source software such as Linux, the technology giant
Following moves by the U.K. and Russia, the government of Brazil
announced Friday that it has signed a letter of intent with IBM pledging
to develop initiatives that will promote the use of Linux in the Latin
El gobierno brasileño planea sustituir el Windows por el gratuito Linux
como su sistema operativo en el 80 por ciento de los computadores de
ministerios, organismos públicos y empresas estatales, informó hoy el
The Government of Canada has embarked on a preliminary exploration of
the benefits of open source solutions by commissioning a study of "Open
Source Business Opportunities for Canada's ICT Sector". Among the issues
their study will explore are the implications for the Government of
Canada as a user, developer and buyer of software. The study is
scheduled for completion in the summer of 2003.
Canada: Environment Canada
A few years ago, Environment Canada needed to upgrade its aging fleet of
three to four hundred HP-UX workstations used for weather prediction,
forecasting, and analysis.
The [New Linux systems] worked faster than the old Unix systems and
allowed Environment Canada to replace its old proprietary hardware and
software at a savings of $14,000 plus licensing fees per seat, or over
$4 million across the whole department.
Canada: Province of Ontario
Sun Microsystems has recruited one of its biggest customers yet for its
StarOffice software, signing a contract with the Ontario Ministry of
Education covering 2.5 million students.
Canada: County of Essex, Ontario
The county chose a new system using Red Hat Linux, IBM DB2, and a
financial package called ACCPAC Insight.
"Because of the person-hours saved over the first three-and-a-half
months, we figured that the system paid for itself during that time,"
said Joe Santoro, president of Synergy Plus Solutions of Windsor,
Ontario, an ACCPAC solution provider that assisted the County of Essex
with the deployment. "That's not a bad ROI."
Canada: City of Calgary
For a case study on why Microsoft Corp. and Sun Microsystems sued one
another for peace last week, look no further than the City of Calgary.
Over the past year, this customer moved from proprietary Unix, running
on aging proprietary hardware from Sun and Hewlett-Packard, to Linux on
Canada: City of Vancouver
Vancouver city council has endorsed the principles of making its data open
and accessible to everyone where possible, adopting open standards for that
data and considering open source software when replacing existing
The China Standard Software Co., a consortium of government-funded
companies, selected Sun as its preferred technology partner to deploy
Linux-based desktops. The deal is part of China's deliberate policy to
diversify away from Microsoft. Other governments in Europe and Asia have
embraced a similar strategy, as has the state of Massachusetts. China
has pledged to deploy 200 million copies of open standards-based desktop
In Asia-Pacific, governments in China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and
Australia are encouraging government departments and businesses to
replace Microsoft products with a combination of Linux, other
open-source products, and software from local vendors.
Cuba's communist government is trying to shake off the yoke of at least
one capitalist empire - Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) - by joining with
socialist Venezuela in converting its computers to open-source software.
Open source software represents a serious alternative to proprietary
products, and should be used as a tool to open up software markets to
more competition, according to a report carried out under the auspices
of the Danish government.
"A strategy for e-government should not be based on a closed,
proprietary standard in a key technology," the report said.
Switching from proprietary software to open source software in Danish
public administration has an economic scope of several billion DKK every
An ambitious initiative that aims to bring open source software to a new
level in Europe hopes to make competition with US companies more
interesting. QualiPSo is a four-year project partly funded by the EU.
The European Union wants to "join up" IT systems between national
governments using open source technology, according to a "working paper"
issued at the beginning of July 2003.
By end 2003, the Commission will issue an agreed interoperability
framework to support the delivery of pan-European e-government services
to citizens and enterprises. It will address information content and
recommend technical policies and specifications for joining up public
administration information systems across the EU. It will be based on
open standards and encourage the use of open source software.
French Parliament opted in November 2006 to dump Windows in favor of Ubuntu
Linux, according to ZD Net. The move was part of a comprehensive shake-up
in the software run on Parliament computers, resulting ultimately in
"1,154 French parliamentary workstations running on Linux, with
OpenOffice.org productivity software, the Firefox Web browser and an
open-source e-mail client."
Deputies elected to the French National Assembly in the next legislative
session will find open-source software on their desktop PCs.
The software on the deputies' computers will include the Linux operating
system, the OpenOffice productivity suite, the Firefox web browser and
an open-source email application.
All French government publications should be made available in
OpenDocument Format (ODF), according to a report commissioned by
the French prime minister.
Civil service minister Renaud Dutreil told Reuters France wanted to use
"open-source" software providers to resupply part of the almost one
million state computers under a government cost-cutting drive designed
to trim a bulging public deficit.
"The competition is open," he said. "My estimate is that we can cut the
state software bill at least in half."
The Agency for Information and Communication Technologies in the
Administration (known by its French initials ATICA) has taken on the
task of ensuring that government projects use open standards to reduce
costs and redundancy, and to improve interoperability in government
France: Regoin of Auvergne
Thousands of secondary schools students in the French region of Auvergne
will receive CDs containing free and open-source software when they return
to school in September.
France: City of Paris
Systems integrator Unilog is set to carry out a feasibility study on the
installation of open-source software systems for the city of Paris, the
company has said.
The German Federal Finance Office [...] announced Tuesday that it has
installed two of the largest Linux-based mainframes in Europe after an
18-month testing period.
Nine German cities in the state of Rheinland Pfalz are in advanced talks
to replace many, if not all, of their Microsoft Corp. software products
with open-source alternatives, particularly the Linux operating system.
Federal agencies, state and local governments, and other public-sector
administrations in Germany interested in migrating their computer
systems to open source software, particularly the Linux operating
system, can now turn to a set of guidelines for support.
Die bayerischen Vermessungsverwaltung hat ihre insgesamt 79
Vermessungsämter auf Linux umgestellt.
The German government on Monday said it is moving to standardize on
Linux and an open-source IT model at the federal, state and communal
Germany: City of Mannheim
In Mannheim, a preference for "open" standards--not cost--is driving the
German city's shift to Linux.
The technology decision makers have already moved the majority of Mannheim's
120 servers to the open-source operating system. Next, they plan to shift
its 3,500 desktops to the open-source productivity application
OpenOffice.org, running on Linux.
The switch to Linux was predominantly driven by the department's wish to
use OpenLDAP, an open-source software package, rather than Microsoft's
proprietary Active Directory, he added.
Germany: City of Munich
Full steam ahead for Linux in Munich.
The capital of Bavaria plans to complete its current migration of more
than 80 percent of its desktop systems [to Linux] by 2008 and says that
the first users of open software in the city's administration are
pleased with the initial results.
And the German city Munich on Wednesday also voted resoundingly in favor
of its plan to switch to Linux from Microsoft Windows following a
closed-door city council meeting.
The vote wasn't just another win for Linux, as it continues to gobble
chunks of the computer server software market -- a market Microsoft does
not dominate. Munich is about to become the largest tech user to deploy
Linux for everyday use on desktop PCs, the wellspring of Microsoft's
"Microsoft's philosophy is to change our software every five years,"
[Munich council member Christine] Strobl says. "With open source, it is
possible for us to make our own decision as to when to change our
Die SPD-Fraktion im Münchener Rathaus hat sich in ihrer heutigen
Sitzungfür den Einsatz von Linux auf den PCs der Stadtverwaltung
ausgesprochen. Damit sei die Vorentscheidung gefallen, teilt
Pressesprecher Jürgen Bühl mit: Die Münchner Stadtverwaltung migriert
von Windows NT auf Linux als Client-Betriebssystem und ein Office-Paket
aus dem Open-Source-Bereich.
After the cola ban, it is now the turn of Microsoft to log out of Kerala.
Children in 12,500 high schools in the state, India's most literate, will
not be taught Windows. Instead, instructors are lining up Linux for them.
Linux PC dealers are upbeat. Offers of pre-loaded Linux operating system
could fetch good hardware sales margins, says PK Harikrishnan, president,
Kerala Computer Manufacturers and Dealers Association.
Open source groups are helping the Indian government meet its target of
creating open source CDs in all official Indian languages by February
The open source applications included on the CDs, such as the Firefox
browser and the OpenOffice.org productivity suite, have already been
translated into five Indian languages -- Tamil, Hindi, Telugu, Punjabi
and Urdu. But there are still 17 languages left to be translated in just
The Indian government is trying to encourage the use of computers across
the country by distributing free CDs that contain localized versions of
popular open-source applications.
In another public-sector boost to open-source software, Indian President
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam called for his country's military to use such
nonproprietary technology to ward off cybersecurity threats.
President A P J Abdul Kalam on Wednesday urged Indian IT professionals
to develop and specialise in open source code software rather than use
proprietary solutions based on systems such as Microsoft Windows.
This is important for security reasons and also because of the costs
involved in purchasing proprietary software. Open source code operating
systems such as Linux do not carry any licensing fees and offers higher
Indonesia's Ministry of Research and Technology Thursday said it will
implement a Java Desktop System (JDS) on Linux as a national-standard
desktop, customed-designed for its own culture.
Y-net reported that the Israeli Treasury has decided to walk away from
the Government's contract with Microsoft. Signed two years ago, the
contract expires this month, and the ministry is testing localized
builds of Mandrake Linux.
The Israeli Ministry of Commerce - essentially the treasury - has
suspended all contracts with Microsoft.
First out of the door is the Israeli employment agency, which will
replace 550 out of 700 users with OpenOffice.
Microsoft reacted scornfully to the decision, the Hebrew-only
Daily Mail reports, accusing the Israelis of being tight-fisted.
The Japanese government wants to go open source, as a way to rely less on a
single vendor IT software infrastructure.
The government has said explicitly it wants to decrease its reliance on
Microsoft as a server operating system platform.
Japan is drawing up guidelines for its ministries recommending open
source software such as Linux as an "important option" in government
procurement, an official at the Ministry of Internal Affairs and
Following a year-long evaluation program by Japan's
Information/Technology Promotion Agency (IPA), Sun's Java Desktop was
selected by the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
as part of the agency's initiative to promote the use of open-source
desktops in schools throughout the country.
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has endorsed Sun's Java
Desktop System as an approved product for future bids.
JDS is a suite of open-source office desktop programs that includes the
Linux operating system and the company's open-source StarOffice suite.
Japan, China and South Korea signed an agreement Saturday to jointly
develop a new operating system based on Linux as an alternative to
Microsoft Corp.'s Windows.
A pair of Chinese and Japanese software companies announced a joint
venture Wednesday aimed at developing a Linux-based platform for Asian
markets that they hope will challenge Microsoft Corp.'s dominance.
Computer giant Fujitsu Ltd said on Wednesday it, IBM Japan Ltd and Oki
Electric Industry Co have won a 188 millioni yen ($1.59 million) contract
to design a Japanese government payroll computer system using Linux.
Japan plans to spend about 1 billion yen (US$8.3 million) funding Asian
software developers working on the open-source Linux operating system
for consumer electronics goods, an official said Wednesday.
The Government of Malaysia has decided to encourage the use of Open
Source Software(OSS) in the Malaysian Public Sector.
In situations where advantages and disadvantages of OSS and proprietary
software are equal, preference shall be given to OSS.
All Government technology procurement will now have a preference for
open source software (OSS), under the Malaysian Public Sector Open
Source Software Masterplan made available to the public this morning.
"Open-source software gives the chance for Malaysia and other developing
nations to boost their economies. Therefore, it is only natural that
the government should now be examining the strategic role that we can
play to encourage the adoption of open source by the entire Malaysian
infocommunications industry," Amar Leo Moggie, minister of Energy,
Communications and Multimedia, said in a report by official news agency
Netherlands: City of Amsterdam
The City of Amsterdam announced on 13/10/2003 that it would this month
start testing open source software for server and desktop applications.
A New Zealand high school running entirely on open source software has
slashed its server requirements by a factor of almost 50, despite a
government deal mandating the use of Microsoft software in all schools.
A deal has been struck to allow agencies throughout government access to
open-source software and support from Novell at preferential rates.
The Norwegian minister for modernisation says the government will no
longer accept the use of proprietary formats.
Norway: City of Bergen
Bergen, Norway, has opted to replace Windows and Unix machines with
Linux on servers for its schools and city databases and could later put
the open-source operating system on desktop machines.
The city chose Linux because it costs less, improves reliability and
doesn't lock the government into purchasing one company's products, city
Chief Technology Officer Ole-Bjorn Tuftedal said in an interview.
The Norwegian city Bergen on Tuesday said it plans to move 100 schools
and 32,000 users away from its proprietary Unix and Microsoft Windows
applications platform to Linux by the end of this year.
The Government of Pakistan is committing itself to the reduction of
Piracy and the protection of Intellectual Property. In this one element
is the development of open source technologies and LINUX is going to be
the corner stone of this initiative.
Precisamente, la alternativa inteligente y viable a los programas
informáticos o "software" comercial viene a ser el denominado "software
libre" denominado así porque se basa en el libre empleo de los programas
23,000 Linux PCs forge education revolution in Philippines.
Bayanihan Linux is an Open Source-based desktop solution developed to
provide state universities, local government units, and small to medium
scale business enterprises an alternative to commercially developed
After running some successful pilots, the Russian government has decided to
make open source the standard for all schools. If a school doesn't want to
use the free software supplied by the government, it has to buy commercial
licenses using its own funds.
IBM and the Russian Ministry of Communications and Computerization have
agreed to put together a Linux Competency Center in Moscow to help push
greater use of the open-source operating system in Russia.
In Asia-Pacific, governments in China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and
Australia are encouraging government departments and businesses to
replace Microsoft products with a combination of Linux, other
open-source products, and software from local vendors.
South Africa is working toward transforming itself into a software
exporter by developing an open source software (OSS) industry.
SA is now joining a growing list of countries whose governments formally
recognise the value of OSS. Last month Cabinet approved the OSS strategy
compiled by the Government IT Officers Council joining a diverse range
of countries, including Germany, Mexico, China and others in explicit
recognition and utilisation of OSS.
The South Korean government is rolling out a homegrown open-source
platform to 10,000 schools in the country.
The South Korean government has announced a plan to have proprietary
software on a substantial number of its PCs and servers replaced with
open source alternatives by 2007.
Linux has spread rapidly throughout Spain since 2002, when the government of
Extremadura actually created its own customized Linux distribution.
By handing out the software for free and continuing to publicize its
availability, Linux spread from Extremadura throughout the rest of Spain
and remains widely used today.
The Spanish region of Extremadura has gone open source, deciding to move
its entire administratrion to Linux and open source software within a
The region's government has promoted open source for nearly 10 years but
will now make it a requirement that its officals use the ODF and PDF
formats for all documents.
"The government has estimated that the total cost for the first year of
this project was about 190,000 euros, and believes it saved 18 million
euros overall compared with a Microsoft-based system."
IBM has begun a project to modernize health-care services in the Spanish
region of Extremadura, in what marks the country's largest installation
of Linux-based computers to date,
In April, the government launched an unorthodox campaign to convert all
the area's computer systems, in government offices, businesses and
homes, from the Windows operating system to Linux, a free alternative.
Spain: City of Barcelona
The city of Barcelona -- Spain's second largest city -- recently
announced it will be phasing out its current Windows NT infrastructure
in favor of open source software, according to
and other prominent Spanish-language news outlets.
This year Sri Lanka will declare 5th-11th of September the "Free and
Open Source Software Week 2005". The driving purpose behind the FOSS
week would be to bring recognition to Sri Lanka by hosting international
FOSS conferences, promote the use of FOSS solutions in Sri Lanka for the
benefit of Business, Government and Academia, to bring awareness to Sri
Lanka's FOSS capability and accomplishments and to help brand Sri Lanka
as a hub for FOSS in Asia.
Statskontoret, the Swedish Agency for Public Management, has performed a
feasibility study on free and open source software and has given a
thumbs up to the use of free and open source software.
No one should be forced to use a vendor-specific product in order to
communicate with the public sector. In order to achieve this ambition,
it is imperative to use open standards and formats, both in a
development stage and when procuring one's own systems. That is why
there is also a need for a procurement policy concerning, and in certain
case, placing demands on open source software and open standards.
Beginning from next term, all computers at schools in the Swiss canton
of Geneva will be switched to Ubuntu Linux only.
Une révolution informatique se prépare à Genève: d'ici à 2009,
l'ensemble de l'administration cantonale va abandonner les programmes
payants, en particulier ceux de Microsoft, pour les remplacer par des
«logiciels libres», gratuits et ouverts, tels que Linux.
«Nous voulons garantir notre indépendance informatique», explique
Jean-Marie Leclerc, directeur général du Centre des technologies de
l'information de l'Etat. «Ce n'est pas dirigé contre Microsoft; il s'agit
simplement de ne plus dépendre d'une seule entreprise».
Die Steuerbehörde des Schweizer Kantons Genf stattet alle
steuerpflichtigen "natürlichen Personen" im Kanton mit einer CD für die
Abgabe der elektronischen Steuererklärung 2002 aus. Neben dem
Steuererklärungsprogramm GEtax 2002, das in Zusammenhang mit der DV Bern
AG entwickelt wurde, befinden sich in diesem Jahr auf der CD zusätzlich
Open-Source-Programme wie OpenOffice.org 1.0.1 in Französisch für
Windows und Linux sowie der Webbrowser Mozilla 1.2.1 in Französisch für
Windows, Linux und Mac OS X.
GEtax est une application permettant la saisie sur ordinateur de la
déclaration d'impôt "personnes physiques" du canton de Genève.
L'Administration Fiscale Cantonale (AFC) de Genève la met gratuitement à
disposition sous forme de téléchargement et, nouveauté cette année, par
envoi du CD-Rom à tous les contribuables avec la déclaration.
The government is planning to implement an open source code project
between next year and 2005 by encouraging R&D in office software
systems and opening the source code to government agencies and private
establishments, an official of the National Center for High Performance
Computing said yesterday.
According to Vice Education Minister Wu Tieh-hsiung, the government is
also planning to set up six educational centers around Taiwan to train
open-source developers. Three years after the introduction of the
open-source project, the centers will be training 120,000 basic users
and 9,600 advanced users, he predicted.
Hewlett-Packard Co. on Thursday will announce that it earned a
record-breaking $2.5 billion Linux-based revenue in fiscal 2003, with
its Linux services and solutions business posting a 40 percent rise over
Hewlett-Packard has begun selling inexpensive, Linux-based notebooks in
Thailand, in a move that underscores the open source platform's
growing popularity in emerging markets.
The notebooks are being sold as part of a push by Thailand's
Information, Communications, and Technology (ICT) ministry to offer the
public affordable PCs.
The PCs come with a preloaded Linux operating system and went on sale
last week for $450, a representative for HP in Singapore confirmed
Recently, the Ukrainian Parliament registered a "project of law" (the
equivalent of a bill in U.S. terms) that may radically alter the manner
in which the Ukrainian government procures software. If adopted, it will
require government agencies, along with all state-owned or
state-controlled companies, to give preference to open source software.
The UK government has said it will accelerate the use of open source
software in public services.
The open-source community is expected receive a major boost this week
from the U.K. tech agency, which has investigated the potential benefits
of using free, nonproprietary software in education.
UK Government will only use products for interoperability that support open
standards and specifications in all future IT developments.
Sun Microsystems has landed a deal that will see its Java Desktop System
(JDS) software deployed on 5,000 desktop PCs across the UK's National
Duncan McNeil, chief technology officer for the National Programme, said
in a statement that "the National Programme continues to view the use of
open source software and open systems architecture as a key way of
achieving best value and systems interoperability into the future".
Sun Microsystems Inc. on Monday will announce a strategic five-year
agreement with the United Kingdom's Office of Government Commerce to
establish the Java Enterprise System and the Java Desktop System as the
underlying infrastructure and desktop solutions for the public sector.
Another U.K. city council has joined the list of organizations opting
for Linux. The Dundee, Scotland, City Council has chosen the operating
system, supplied with IBM Corp.'s eServer zSeries platform, in an
attempt to reduce its running costs.
The National Health Service, Britain's biggest employer, is considering
ditching Microsoft software after a row over mounting licensing costs.
Richard Granger, NHS IT director, has ordered a trial of a Linux-based
system from Sun Microsystems as part of a £2.3 billion computer
modernisation plan. The plan could see Java Desktop software rolled out
across the NHS's 1 million staff and 800,000 computers to replace
Microsoft's Windows operating system and Office suite of programmes.
The UK Government is kicking off nine "proof of concept" trials of the
use of open source software in the public sector with the intention of
creating "a level playing field" between open source and proprietary
United Kingdom: City of Birmingham
Contrary to press reports which claimed Birmingham had scrapped the
Linux initiative, it will in fact "significantly increase" its use
of open-source software.
United Kingdom: City of Bristol
Bristol City Council is shifting 5,000 workers off proprietary desktop
software and onto open source to help it save £1.4m over the next five
years. Corel WordPerfect, Microsoft Office and Lotus 1-2-3 will all be
ditched in favour of Sun's StarOffice 7.
The UN's International Open Source Network (IOSN) helped promote the
first annual Software Freedom Day on 28 August, giving out CDs and
booklets about the technology.
Events took place in countries like India, Bangladesh, Malaysia,
Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
Open source is free and can offer big opportunities for developing
The National Center for Open Source Policy and Research (NCOSPR) was
launched today at the first Government Open Source Conference (GOSCON)
in Portland, a meeting of more than 200 representatives of government
entities and software developers hosted by at Oregon State University's
Open Source Lab (OSL).
In its mandated search for best value and innovative solutions, the
federal government is now looking to open source software, because, as
one government official recently said, "the open source movement offers
interoperable, reusable, commodity software as viable alternatives to
United States: Department of Defense
According to Linux.com, the United States Department of Defense is the
"single biggest install base for Red Hat Linux" in the world. Nor was it
an unconscious choice, as Brigadier General Nick Justice, the Deputy
Program Officer for the Army's Program Executive Office proclaims "open
source software is part of the integrated network fabric which connects
and enables our command and control system to work effectively, as
people's lives depend on it."
The CTO of a powerful agency within the U.S. Department of Defense boldly
declares open source's superiority as a development model.
A report from the Department of Defense's Advanced Systems and Concepts
Office, [...] recommends that the DoD move to a roadmap to adopt open
source and open standards, maintaining that such a move is not only in
the US national interest, but in the interests of US national security.
Linux Networx is building a new, high-performance 2,132-CPU Linux
cluster supercomputer for the U.S. Department of Defense as part of an
IT modernization program being undertaken by the agency.
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has issued a policy that officially
authorizes the use of open-source software at the department, a move
open-source pundits say opens the door to more government use of
Lack of a policy has not held back adoption of open-source software at
the DOD, according to a Mitre Corp. study released early this year. In
fact, the DOD to a large degree depends on free and open-source software
for infrastructure support, software development, security and research,
United States: Department of Energy
United States: Department of Homeland Security
United States: Department of Justice
U.S. Federal Courts rely on Linux for all manner of administrative tasks,
including "case management, case tracking, finance and accounting, probation
and pretrial services." Linux has been used by the courts since November of
2003, when PEC Solutions assisted in orchestrating a "migration of the
Federal Judiciary to a Linux-based system."
Like dozens of other federal, state and local entities, the U.S. Marshal
Service is adopting open-source software for some information technology
projects, a move that's making Red Hat a potent symbol within the
service's IT department.
United States: Air Force
The AFCCC today selected a switching system from Topspin Communications
Inc., of Mountain View, Calif., to help the center reduce hardware costs
and replace its existing server architecture with a cluster of commodity
servers running the RedHat Linux Advanced Workstation 2.1 operating
system, according to agency officials.
United States: Army
After the last version of Land Warrior failed reliability tests earlier
this year, the Army switched gears and decided to make the system less
complex and modify the hardware to make it compatible with the new
Stryker infantry vehicle.
The LW SI will have a single processor. The previous LW had a dual
processor, which frequently malfunctioned. Other changes include a more
simplified data bus and a Linux-based operating system, as opposed to
Windows. "Evidence shows that Linux is more stable. We are moving in
general to where the Army is going, to Linux-based OS," said [Army
Lt. Col. Dave] Gallop.
United States: Navy
"The US Navy nuclear submarine fleet is using GNU/Linux."
United States: Census Bureau
The Census Bureau chose open source for many projects because there are
no procurement delays, it is portable within a heterogeneous environment
and has interchangeable components.
United States: Federal Aviation Administration
Few government users of Linux appear to be happier with their choice to
switch than the United States Federal Aviation Administration. According
to Wikipedia, the FAA announced in 2006 that it "had completed a migration
to Red Hat Enterprise Linux in one third of the scheduled time and saved
15 million dollars" in the process of doing so.
The top technology official at the Federal Aviation Administration revealed
that he is considering a permanent ban on the Microsoft software in favor
of a combination of Google's new online business applications running on
United States: Library of Congress
The Library of Congress, where thousands of rare public domain documents
relating to America's history are stored and slowly decaying, is about
to begin an ambitious project to digitize these fragile documents using
Linux-based systems and publish the results online in multiple formats.
United States: NASA
Two Linux-based lunar rovers are on maneuvers -- and Internet webcams --
this week in the Arizona desert near Meteor Crater. The maneuvers are
related to a NASA project tasked with developing extra-vehicular
activity (EVA) hardware and procedures for planetary surface exploration.
Red Hat's products can be found on several high-profile contract vehicles,
including the National Institutes of Health's Electronic Commodities Store
III and NASA's Scientific & Engineering Workstation Procurement III,
but the company makes most of its [government] in-roads through hardware
NASA plans to study the ocean's future with the help of the world's
first supercomputer of its kind to run on the Linux operating system.
We present arguments in favor of developing an Open Source option for
NASA software; in particular we discuss how Open Source is compatible
with NASA's mission.
United States: National Science Foundation
Walt Scacchi of the University of California, Irvine, and his colleagues
are conducting formal studies of the informal world of open-source
software development, in which a distributed community of developers
produces software source code that is freely available to share, study,
modify and redistribute. They're finding that, in many ways, open-source
development can be faster, better and cheaper than the "textbook"
software engineering often used in corporate settings.
The studies are supported by several Information Technology Research
awards from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the independent
federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across
all fields of science and engineering.
United States: National Weather Service
About half of the 137 sites in the National Weather Service's
severe-storm prediction system now have new workstations that run Linux.
The workstation replacement is part of a major upgrade to the weather
service's ability to provide warnings of sudden storms and flash floods.
United States: Postal Service
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has switched 1,300 of the servers that manage
its package tracking system to a Linux environment.
United States: State of Hawaii
Using free software and recycled computers is "very cost-effective,"
said Pua'ala McElhaney, principal at Enchanted Lake Elementary School.
United States: State of Indiana
More than 20,000 Indiana students are now Linux-enabled under a state
grant program to roll out low-cost, easy-to-manage workstations, which
are running various flavors of the open-source operating system.
"We have a million kids in the state of Indiana," [Mike Huffman,
special assistant for technology at the Indiana Department of Education]
continued. "If we were to pay $100 for software on each machine, each year,
that's $100 million for software. That's well beyond our ability. That's
why open source is so attractive. We can cut those costs down to $5
[on each computer] per year."
Schools in Indiana have started a Linux pilot project that could lead to
every secondary-school student in the state using the open-source
operating system, according to software company Linspire.
United States: State of Iowa
United States: State of Louisiana
One of the latest government installations based on open source tools is being developed in Louisiana, on behalf of the state's court system. In
Louisiana's Nineteenth Judicial District Court, developers are building a new database application over Linux that offers police, judges and the public
real-time access to judicial records.
United States: State of Massachusetts
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has cited legal concerns over
Microsoft's software as a factor behind its decision to only use
document formats based on open standards.
Massachusetts has adopted a new policy that favors open-source software
and adherence to open standards in government computing systems, a state
The use of open standards, such as hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP),
extensible markup language (XML) and secure sockets language (SSL),
enables governments to more easily share data across different computing
systems. Open-source software products, such as Linux and Apache Web
server, are available for free and are one possible option for open
In a memo sent last month, Massachusetts Administration and Finance
Secretary Eric Kriss instructed the state's chief technology officer to
adopt a policy of "open standards, open source" for all future spending
on information technology.
United States: State of Missouri
Information systems directors, like Cliff Gronauer of the Missouri State
Highway Patrol, have tuned and tweaked NT servers during recent years to
keep systems afloat. Gronauer has decided to avoid the "expense and
pain" of upgrading to Windows Server 2003 and opt for Linux when support
from Microsoft concludes at the end of 2004, he said Wednesday at the
Enterprise Linux Forum conference.
United States: State of Nevada
O'Barr's confidence in Linux' security has been borne out by time. Other
than two unplanned interruptions in service due to a hard
drive/controller problem, the system has experienced no downtime in the
two years it has been operating.
United States: State of Oregon
Governor Ted Kulongoski today announced the contribution of $350,000 by
search technology leader Google Inc. to a joint open source technology
initiative of Oregon State University and Portland State University.
With the grant, the universities will collaborate to encourage open
source software and hardware development, develop academic curricula and
provide computing infrastructure to open source projects worldwide.
Salem Hospital of Oregon switches from barebones OS projects to
commercialized Linux for its security.
United States: State of Rhode Island
Rhode Island, for example, recently built out a portal serving up state
rules and regulations on open source technology, using Linux, Apache,
MySQL and PHP/Perl/Python. The state's IT department spent $40K to build
the portal, working two days a week for four months to get the job done.
Sharing can be especially helpful if your software needs are different
from those of most organizations, notes Jim Willis, director of
eGovernment at the Rhode Island Department of State.
United States: State of Texas
Agencies should consider Open Source solutions in information technology
procurements, and the criteria for selecting a specific solution should
be based on best value. Agencies should use products that support open
standards and specifications in all applications. Agencies should
consider obtaining full rights to the software code it procures wherever
this achieves best value.
United States: State of Utah
United States: Pinellas County, FL
United States: City of Austin, TX
The City of Austin recently completed a group of pilot studies on the
use of open source software in its day-to-day business. According to a
message posted this morning on the Austin LUG mailing list by Scott
Brown, the results are in, and as a result, as many as 80% of the city's
desktops may be migrating from Microsoft Office to OpenOffice.org.
It was during the one-on-one interviews that [city CIO Pete Collins]
heard a number of people suggest that he take a look at Linux. They
described its benefits and how it could save the city dollars. He
listened, but when they asked that he look at it with an open mind, he
told them "Save your breath. I'm already there."
United States: City of Bloomington, IN
In Bloomington, the city's emergency dispatch system, running on Linux,
dispatches 7,000 ambulance calls a year, as well as police and fire
crews, for both the city and surrounding Monroe County.
United States: City of Chicago, IL
Using HP servers running the Red Hat Linux operating system, Chicago's
new system will issue more than one million vehicle stickers annually,
replacing an aging mainframe application.
Chicago CIO Chris O'Brien said the city is exploring open-source
solutions to squeeze cost from its IT infrastructure.
United States: City of Garden Grove, CA
Garden Grove, California, which uses Linux throughout its IT
infrastructure, is saving money in many ways with open source, says
Charles Kalil, the city's information systems manager.
For example, the city used to pay $7,000 a year to a records management
company to pick up its backup tapes and store them off-site, Kalil
says. It now backs up all its systems to one centralized Linux backup
server, which then copies the data over a wireless connection to another
United States: City of Houston, TX
The Houston, Texas, city government runs its Web and domain name servers
on Red Hat Linux.
United States: City of Largo, FL
From Florida to Washington State, Linux appears to be infiltrating the
IT departments of local governments across the country in much the same
way it sprouted up in corporate IT shops: from the bottom up.
And in a few places, like sunny Largo Florida -- population 70,000 --
Linux use is no longer limited to a few non-critical applications, but
is now supporting large chunks of governmental infrastructure.
Thanks largely to open source software and the low-maintenance thin
clients, the city's IT budget -- about 1.5% of the city's overall
expenditures -- runs about half what similar-sized cities spend, says
Harold Schomaker, Largo's CIO.
United States: City of Los Angeles, CA
City officials in Los Angeles are considering switching to an
open-source platform for their computer systems to potentially save
millions of dollars that could be redirected to other services.
United States: City of New York, NY
United States: City of Newport News, VA
"When our researchers said open source was a Best Practice in Software
collaboration, I listened."
Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez said this week that the country's
public administration will switch to open source software over the next
two years, according to reports.
Quynh and other government tech officials want Vietnam to be on the
cutting edge of an international movement to embrace open-source
They are promoting a plan that would require all state-owned companies
and government ministries to use open source by 2005. And they would
require all computers assembled in Vietnam to be sold with open-source
products installed on them. The prime minister is expected to take up
their proposal this fall.
The United Nations Development Program, which sees open-source software
as a way to strengthen Vietnam's technology sector, has been encouraging
the government to pursue it.